KLRD1

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
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CD94 (Cluster of Differentiation 94), also known as killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily D, member 1 (KLRD1) is a human gene.[1]

The protein encoded by CD94 gene is a lectin, cluster of differentiation and a receptor that is involved in cell signaling and is expressed on the surface of natural killer cells in the innate immune system. CD94 pairs with the NKG2 molecule as a heterodimer. The CD94/NKG2 complex, on the surface of natural killer cells interacts with Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-E on target cells.

Function

Natural killer (NK) cells are a distinct lineage of lymphocytes that mediate cytotoxic activity and secrete cytokines upon immune stimulation. Several genes of the C-type lectin superfamily, including members of the NKG2 family, are expressed by NK cells and may be involved in the regulation of NK cell function. KLRD1 (CD94) is an antigen preferentially expressed on NK cells and is classified as a type II membrane protein because it has an external C terminus. KLRD1 has two alternatively spliced variants that differ in the presence or absence of exon 2 sequence.[1]

Interactions

KLRD1 has been shown to interact with KLRC2.[2][3]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: KLRD1 killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily D, member 1".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Lazetic S, Chang C, Houchins JP, Lanier LL, Phillips JH (Dec 1996). "Human natural killer cell receptors involved in MHC class I recognition are disulfide-linked heterodimers of CD94 and NKG2 subunits". Journal of Immunology. 157 (11): 4741–5. PMID 8943374.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Ding Y, Sumitran S, Holgersson J (May 1999). "Direct binding of purified HLA class I antigens by soluble NKG2/CD94 C-type lectins from natural killer cells". Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 49 (5): 459–65. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3083.1999.00566.x. PMID 10320637.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

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  • Chang C, Rodríguez A, Carretero M, López-Botet M, Phillips JH, Lanier LL (Sep 1995). "Molecular characterization of human CD94: a type II membrane glycoprotein related to the C-type lectin superfamily". European Journal of Immunology. 25 (9): 2433–7. doi:10.1002/eji.1830250904. PMID 7589107.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Moretta A, Vitale M, Sivori S, Bottino C, Morelli L, Augugliaro R, Barbaresi M, Pende D, Ciccone E, Lopez-Botet M, Moretta L (Aug 1994). "Human natural killer cell receptors for HLA-class I molecules. Evidence that the Kp43 (CD94) molecule functions as receptor for HLA-B alleles". The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 180 (2): 545–55. doi:10.1084/jem.180.2.545. PMC 2191622. PMID 8046333.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Phillips JH, Chang C, Mattson J, Gumperz JE, Parham P, Lanier LL (Aug 1996). "CD94 and a novel associated protein (94AP) form a NK cell receptor involved in the recognition of HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C allotypes". Immunity. 5 (2): 163–72. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80492-6. PMID 8769479.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lazetic S, Chang C, Houchins JP, Lanier LL, Phillips JH (Dec 1996). "Human natural killer cell receptors involved in MHC class I recognition are disulfide-linked heterodimers of CD94 and NKG2 subunits". Journal of Immunology. 157 (11): 4741–5. PMID 8943374.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Brooks AG, Posch PE, Scorzelli CJ, Borrego F, Coligan JE (Feb 1997). "NKG2A complexed with CD94 defines a novel inhibitory natural killer cell receptor". The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 185 (4): 795–800. doi:10.1084/jem.185.4.795. PMC 2196137. PMID 9034158.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mandelboim O, Pazmany L, Davis DM, Valés-Gómez M, Reyburn HT, Rybalov B, Strominger JL (Dec 1997). "Multiple receptors for HLA-G on human natural killer cells". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 94 (26): 14666–70. doi:10.1073/pnas.94.26.14666. PMC 25087. PMID 9405670.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Rodríguez A, Carretero M, Glienke J, Bellón T, Ramírez A, Lehrach H, Francis F, López-Botet M (Mar 1998). "Structure of the human CD94 C-type lectin gene". Immunogenetics. 47 (4): 305–9. doi:10.1007/s002510050362. PMID 9472066.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Le Dréan E, Vély F, Olcese L, Cambiaggi A, Guia S, Krystal G, Gervois N, Moretta A, Jotereau F, Vivier E (Jan 1998). "Inhibition of antigen-induced T cell response and antibody-induced NK cell cytotoxicity by NKG2A: association of NKG2A with SHP-1 and SHP-2 protein-tyrosine phosphatases". European Journal of Immunology. 28 (1): 264–76. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-4141(199801)28:01<264::AID-IMMU264>3.0.CO;2-O. PMID 9485206.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Braud VM, Allan DS, O'Callaghan CA, Söderström K, D'Andrea A, Ogg GS, Lazetic S, Young NT, Bell JI, Phillips JH, Lanier LL, McMichael AJ (Feb 1998). "HLA-E binds to natural killer cell receptors CD94/NKG2A, B and C". Nature. 391 (6669): 795–9. doi:10.1038/35869. PMID 9486650.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Plougastel B, Trowsdale J (Apr 1998). "Sequence analysis of a 62-kb region overlapping the human KLRC cluster of genes". Genomics. 49 (2): 193–9. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.5197. PMID 9598306.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Furukawa H, Yabe T, Watanabe K, Miyamoto R, Akaza T, Tadokoro K, Tohma S, Inoue T, Yamamoto K, Juji T (Jun 1998). "An alternatively spliced form of the human CD94 gene". Immunogenetics. 48 (1): 87–8. doi:10.1007/s002510050407. PMID 9601951.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lanier LL, Corliss B, Wu J, Phillips JH (Jun 1998). "Association of DAP12 with activating CD94/NKG2C NK cell receptors". Immunity. 8 (6): 693–701. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80574-9. PMID 9655483.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Vance RE, Kraft JR, Altman JD, Jensen PE, Raulet DH (Nov 1998). "Mouse CD94/NKG2A is a natural killer cell receptor for the nonclassical major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule Qa-1(b)". The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 188 (10): 1841–8. doi:10.1084/jem.188.10.1841. PMC 2212405. PMID 9815261.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Brooks AG, Borrego F, Posch PE, Patamawenu A, Scorzelli CJ, Ulbrecht M, Weiss EH, Coligan JE (Jan 1999). "Specific recognition of HLA-E, but not classical, HLA class I molecules by soluble CD94/NKG2A and NK cells". Journal of Immunology. 162 (1): 305–13. PMID 9886400.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Boyington JC, Riaz AN, Patamawenu A, Coligan JE, Brooks AG, Sun PD (Jan 1999). "Structure of CD94 reveals a novel C-type lectin fold: implications for the NK cell-associated CD94/NKG2 receptors". Immunity. 10 (1): 75–82. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80008-4. PMID 10023772.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Bellón T, Heredia AB, Llano M, Minguela A, Rodriguez A, López-Botet M, Aparicio P (Apr 1999). "Triggering of effector functions on a CD8+ T cell clone upon the aggregation of an activatory CD94/kp39 heterodimer". Journal of Immunology. 162 (7): 3996–4002. PMID 10201920.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Ding Y, Sumitran S, Holgersson J (May 1999). "Direct binding of purified HLA class I antigens by soluble NKG2/CD94 C-type lectins from natural killer cells". Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 49 (5): 459–65. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3083.1999.00566.x. PMID 10320637.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Romero P, Ortega C, Palma A, Molina IJ, Peña J, Santamaría M (Aug 2001). "Expression of CD94 and NKG2 molecules on human CD4(+) T cells in response to CD3-mediated stimulation". Journal of Leukocyte Biology. 70 (2): 219–24. PMID 11493613.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Shum BP, Flodin LR, Muir DG, Rajalingam R, Khakoo SI, Cleland S, Guethlein LA, Uhrberg M, Parham P (Jan 2002). "Conservation and variation in human and common chimpanzee CD94 and NKG2 genes". Journal of Immunology. 168 (1): 240–52. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.168.1.240. PMID 11751968.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Terrazzano G, Zanzi D, Palomba C, Carbone E, Grimaldi S, Pisanti S, Fontana S, Zappacosta S, Ruggiero G (Aug 2002). "Differential involvement of CD40, CD80, and major histocompatibility complex class I molecules in cytotoxicity induction and interferon-gamma production by human natural killer effectors". Journal of Leukocyte Biology. 72 (2): 305–11. PMID 12149421.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links