P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1

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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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Selectin P ligand, also known as SELPLG or CD162 (cluster of differentiation 162), is a human gene.


SELPLG codes for PSGL-1, the high affinity counter-receptor for P-selectin on myeloid cells and stimulated T lymphocytes. As such, it plays a critical role in the tethering of these cells to activated platelets or endothelia expressing P-selectin.

The organization of the SELPLG gene closely resembles that of CD43 and the human platelet glycoprotein GpIb-alpha both of which have an intron in the 5-prime-noncoding region, a long second exon containing the complete coding region, and TATA-less promoters.[1]

P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a glycoprotein found on white blood cells and endothelial cells that binds to P-selectin (P stands for platelet), which is one of a family of selectins that includes E-selectin (endothelial) and L-selectin (leukocyte). Selectins are part of the broader family of cell adhesion molecules. PSGL-1 can bind to all three members of the family but binds best (with the highest affinity) to P-selectin.

Posttranslational modification

PSGL-1 protein requires two distinct posttranslational modifications to gain its selectin binding activity:[2][3][4][5]

Function

PSGL-1 is expressed on all white blood cells and plays an important role in the recruitment of white blood cells into inflamed tissue: White blood cells normally do not interact with the endothelium of blood vessels. However, inflammation causes the expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAM) such as P-selectin on the surface of the blood vessel wall. White blood cells present in flowing blood can interact with CAM. The first step in this interaction process is carried out by PSGL-1 interacting with P-selectin and/or E-selectin on endothelial cells and adherent platelets. This interaction results in "rolling" of the white blood cell on the endothelial cell surface followed by stable adhesion and transmigration of the white blood cell into the inflamed tissue.[citation needed]

In mice it seems to be an immune factor regulating T-cell checkpoints, and it could be a target for future checkpoint inhibitor anti-cancer drugs.[6]

References

  1. "Entrez Gene: SELPLG selectin P ligand".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Li F, Wilkins PP, Crawley S, et al. (1996). "Post-translational modifications of recombinant P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 required for binding to P- and E-selectin". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (6): 3255–64. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.6.3255. PMID 8621728.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Wilkins PP, Moore KL, McEver RP, Cummings RD (1995). "Tyrosine sulfation of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 is required for high affinity binding to P-selectin". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (39): 22677–80. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.39.22677. PMID 7559387.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Sako D, Comess KM, Barone KM, et al. (1995). "A sulfated peptide segment at the amino terminus of PSGL-1 is critical for P-selectin binding". Cell. 83 (2): 323–31. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90173-6. PMID 7585949.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Pouyani T, Seed B (1995). "PSGL-1 recognition of P-selectin is controlled by a tyrosine sulfation consensus at the PSGL-1 amino terminus". Cell. 83 (2): 333–43. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90174-4. PMID 7585950.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Immune Factor Seen to Control T-Cell Checkpoints Involved in Spread of Cancers and Infections. June 2016

Further reading

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  • Furie B, Furie BC (2004). "Role of platelet P-selectin and microparticle PSGL-1 in thrombus formation". Trends in Molecular Medicine. 10 (4): 171–8. doi:10.1016/j.molmed.2004.02.008. PMID 15059608.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sako D, Chang XJ, Barone KM, et al. (1993). "Expression cloning of a functional glycoprotein ligand for P-selectin". Cell. 75 (6): 1179–86. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(93)90327-M. PMID 7505206.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Moore KL, Eaton SF, Lyons DE, et al. (1994). "The P-selectin glycoprotein ligand from human neutrophils displays sialylated, fucosylated, O-linked poly-N-acetyllactosamine". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (37): 23318–27. PMID 7521878.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Veldman GM, Bean KM, Cumming DA, et al. (1995). "Genomic organization and chromosomal localization of the gene encoding human P-selectin glycoprotein ligand". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (27): 16470–5. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.27.16470. PMID 7541799.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides". Gene. 138 (1–2): 171–4. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(94)90802-8. PMID 8125298.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Guyer DA, Moore KL, Lynam EB, et al. (1996). "P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a ligand for L-selectin in neutrophil aggregation". Blood. 88 (7): 2415–21. PMID 8839831.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Goetz DJ, Greif DM, Ding H, et al. (1997). "Isolated P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 dynamic adhesion to P- and E-selectin". J. Cell Biol. 137 (2): 509–19. doi:10.1083/jcb.137.2.509. PMC 2139768. PMID 9128259.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fuhlbrigge RC, Kieffer JD, Armerding D, Kupper TS (1997). "Cutaneous lymphocyte antigen is a specialized form of PSGL-1 expressed on skin-homing T cells". Nature. 389 (6654): 978–81. doi:10.1038/40166. PMID 9353122.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, et al. (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene. 200 (1–2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID 9373149.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Snapp KR, Ding H, Atkins K, et al. (1998). "A novel P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 monoclonal antibody recognizes an epitope within the tyrosine sulfate motif of human PSGL-1 and blocks recognition of both P- and L-selectin". Blood. 91 (1): 154–64. PMID 9414280.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Bennett EP, Hassan H, Mandel U, et al. (1998). "Cloning of a human UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-Galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase that complements other GalNAc-transferases in complete O-glycosylation of the MUC1 tandem repeat". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (46): 30472–81. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.46.30472. PMID 9804815.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Wimazal F, Ghannadan M, Müller MR, et al. (2000). "Expression of homing receptors and related molecules on human mast cells and basophils: a comparative analysis using multi-color flow cytometry and toluidine blue/immunofluorescence staining techniques". Tissue Antigens. 54 (5): 499–507. doi:10.1034/j.1399-0039.1999.540507.x. PMID 10599889.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Epperson TK, Patel KD, McEver RP, Cummings RD (2000). "Noncovalent association of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 and minimal determinants for binding to P-selectin". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (11): 7839–53. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.11.7839. PMID 10713099.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • André P, Spertini O, Guia S, et al. (2000). "Modification of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 with a natural killer cell-restricted sulfated lactosamine creates an alternate ligand for L-selectin". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (7): 3400–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.040569797. PMC 16251. PMID 10725346.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Frenette PS, Denis CV, Weiss L, et al. (2000). "P-Selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) is expressed on platelets and can mediate platelet-endothelial interactions in vivo". J. Exp. Med. 191 (8): 1413–22. doi:10.1084/jem.191.8.1413. PMC 2193129. PMID 10770806.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Woltmann G, McNulty CA, Dewson G, et al. (2000). "Interleukin-13 induces PSGL-1/P-selectin-dependent adhesion of eosinophils, but not neutrophils, to human umbilical vein endothelial cells under flow". Blood. 95 (10): 3146–52. PMID 10807781.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Tsuchihashi S, Fondevila C, Shaw GD, et al. (2006). "Molecular characterization of rat leukocyte P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 and effect of its blockade: protection from ischemia-reperfusion injury in liver transplantation". J Immunol. 176 (1): 616–24. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.176.1.616. PMID 16365457.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.