Integrin alpha M
integrin, alpha M (complement component 3 receptor 3 subunit)
|Alt. Symbols||CR3A, CD11B|
|Locus||Chr. 16 p11.2|
Integrin alpha M (ITGAM) is one protein subunit that forms the heterodimeric integrin alpha-M beta-2 (αMβ2) molecule, also known as macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1) or complement receptor 3 (CR3). ITGAM is also known as CR3A, and cluster of differentiation molecule 11B (CD11B). The second chain of αMβ2 is the common integrin β2 subunit known as CD18, and integrin αMβ2 thus belongs to the β2 subfamily (or leukocyte) integrins.
αMβ2 is expressed on the surface of many leukocytes involved in the innate immune system, including monocytes, granulocytes, macrophages, and natural killer cells. It mediates inflammation by regulating leukocyte adhesion and migration and has been implicated in several immune processes such as phagocytosis, cell-mediated cytotoxicity, chemotaxis and cellular activation. It is involved in the complement system due to its capacity to bind inactivated complement component 3b (iC3b). The ITGAM (alpha) subunit of integrin αMβ2 is directly involved in causing the adhesion and spreading of cells but cannot mediate cellular migration without the presence of the β2 (CD18) subunit.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Solovjov D, Pluskota E, Plow E (2005). "Distinct roles for the alpha and beta subunits in the functions of integrin alphaMbeta2". J Biol Chem 280 (2): 1336-45. PMID 15485828.
- ↑ Larson R, Springer T. "Structure and function of leukocyte integrins". Immunol Rev 114: 181-217. PMID 2196220.
- ↑ Arnaout M, Todd R, Dana N, Melamed J, Schlossman S, Colten H (1983). "Inhibition of phagocytosis of complement C3- or immunoglobulin G-coated particles and of C3bi binding by monoclonal antibodies to a monocyte-granulocyte membrane glycoprotein (Mol)". J Clin Invest 72 (1): 171-9. PMID 6874946.
Proteins: complement system (C, L, A)
|Activators||CLA: C3-convertase - MAC (C6, C7, C8, C9) - L: Mannan-binding lectin - A: Factor P/Properdin|
|Enzymes||C: C1Q/C1R/C1S - C4 - C2 - CLA: C3 - C5 (C5a) - L: MASP1 - MASP2 - A: Factor B - Factor D|
|Inhibitors||CLA: C1-inhibitor - Decay accelerating factor - Factor I - CL: C4BP - A: Factor H|
|Complement receptors||CR1 - CR2 - CR3 - CR4 - CD11b/CD11c/CD18 - Anaphylatoxin (C3a, C5a)|
Proteins: clusters of differentiation (see also list of human clusters of differentiation)
|1-50||CD1 (CD1a-c, CD1d) - CD2 - CD3 - CD4 - CD5 - CD8 - CD9 - CD10 - CD11 (CD11a, CD11b, CD11c) - CD13 - CD14 - CD15 - CD16 - CD18 - CD19 - CD20 - CD21 - CD22 - CD23 - CD24 - CD25 - CD26 - CD27 - CD28 - CD29 - CD30 - CD31 - CD32 - CD33 - CD34 - CD35 - CD36 - CD37 -CD38 - CD40 - CD43 - CD44 - CD45 - CD46 - CD49 (CD49a, CD49b, CD49c, CD49d)|
|51-100||CD52 - CD53 - CD54 - CD55 - CD56 - CD58 - CD59 - CD61 - CD62 (CD62E, CD62L, CD62P) - CD63 - CD64 - CD66e - CD68 - CD70 - CD71 - CD72 - CD79 - CD80 - CD81 - CD82 - CD83 - CD86 - CD88 - CD89 - CD90 - CD94 - CD95 - CD97 - CD98|
|101-350||CD103 - CD106 - CD114 - CD116 - CD117 - CD118 - CD120 - CD122 - CD130 - CD131 - CD132 - CD133 - CD134 - CD135 - CD137 - CD138 - CD141 - CD142 - CD143 - CD146 - CD147 - CD151 - CD152 - CD153 - CD154 - CD155 - CD162 - CD164 - CD169 - CD184 - CD206 - CD209 - CD257 - CD278 - CD281 - CD282 - CD283 - CD304|
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