Difference between revisions of "H and ACA boxes gene transcriptions"

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Latest revision as of 05:16, 13 October 2019

Editor-In-Chief: Henry A. Hoff

Consensus sequences

"The box H/ACA snoRNAs were most recently recognized as a small RNA family by virtue of an ACA trinucleotide located 3 nt upstream of the mature snoRNA 3' end (41). In addition to this ACA box, they have the consensus H box sequence (5'-ANANNA-3') but have no other primary sequence identity. Despite this lack of primary sequence conservation, the H and ACA boxes are embedded in an evolutionarily conserved hairpin-hinge-hairpin-tail core secondary structure with the H box in the single-stranded hinge region and the ACA box in the single-stranded tail (5, 16)."[1]

The "3' end of mature hTR (45) has an ACA trinucleotide 3 nt upstream of its 3' end. In addition, the 3' region of hTR contains a single H box consensus sequence (5'-AGAGGA-3')."[1]

"Comparison with the murine telomerase RNA (mTR) (7) suggests that the snoRNA-like features of hTR are evolution- arily conserved. The mTR 3' end (nt 169 to 397 as numbered in reference 25) has ~76% sequence identity with the corresponding region of hTR (nt 211 to 451) and includes consensus H (5'-ACAGGA-3') and ACA box sequences."[1]

An H box has a consensus sequence of 3'-ACACCA-5'.[2]

H and ACA boxes in promoters of A1BG

For the Basic programs (starting with SuccessablesHACA.bas) written to compare nucleotide sequences with the sequences on either the template strand (-), or coding strand (+), of the DNA, in the negative direction (-), or the positive direction (+), the programs are, are looking for, and found:

  1. negative strand in the negative direction (from ZSCAN22 to A1BG) is SuccessablesHACA--.bas, looking for 3'-ACACCA-5', 4, 3'-ACACCA-5', 788, 3'-ACACCA-5', 2659, 3'-ACACCA-5', 3187, 3'-ACACCA-5', 3811,
  2. negative strand in the positive direction (from ZNF497 to A1BG) is SuccessablesHACA-+.bas, looking for 3'-ACACCA-5', 1, 3'-ACACCA-5', 386,
  3. positive strand in the negative direction is SuccessablesHACA+-.bas, looking for 3'-ACACCA-5', 2, 3'-ACACCA-5', 883, 3'-ACACCA-5', 2419,
  4. positive strand in the positive direction is SuccessablesHACA++.bas, looking for 3'-ACACCA-5', 2, 3'-ACACCA-5', 204, 3'-ACACCA-5', 528,
  5. complement, negative strand, negative direction is SuccessablesHACAc--.bas, looking for 3'-TGTGGT-5', 2, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 883, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 2419,
  6. complement, negative strand, positive direction is SuccessablesHACAc-+.bas, looking for 3'-TGTGGT-5', 2, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 204, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 528,
  7. complement, positive strand, negative direction is SuccessablesHACAc+-.bas, looking for 3'-TGTGGT-5', 4, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 788, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 2659, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 3187, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 3811,
  8. complement, positive strand, positive direction is SuccessablesHACAc++.bas, looking for 3'-TGTGGT-5', 1, 3'-TGTGGT-5', 386,
  9. inverse complement, negative strand, negative direction is SuccessablesHACAci--.bas, looking for 3'-TGGTGT-5', 1, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 3764,
  10. inverse complement, negative strand, positive direction is SuccessablesHACAci-+.bas, looking for 3'-TGGTGT-5', 2, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 511, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 530,
  11. inverse complement, positive strand, negative direction is SuccessablesHACAci+-.bas, looking for 3'-TGGTGT-5', 3, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 608, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 793, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 1477,
  12. inverse complement, positive strand, positive direction is SuccessablesHACAci++.bas, looking for 3'-TGGTGT-5', 1, 3'-TGGTGT-5', 420,
  13. inverse, negative strand, negative direction, is SuccessablesHACAi--.bas, looking for 3'-ACCACA-5', 3, 3'-ACCACA-5', 608, 3'-ACCACA-5', 793, 3'-ACCACA-5', 1477,
  14. inverse, negative strand, positive direction, is SuccessablesHACAi-+.bas, looking for 3'-ACCACA-5', 1, 3'-ACCACA-5', 420,
  15. inverse, positive strand, negative direction, is SuccessablesHACAi+-.bas, looking for 3'-ACCACA-5', 1, 3'-ACCACA-5', 3764,
  16. inverse, positive strand, positive direction, is SuccessablesHACAi++.bas, looking for 3'-ACCACA-5', 2, 3'-ACCACA-5', 511, 3'-ACCACA-5', 530.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 James R. Mitchell, Jeffrey Cheng, ang Kathleen Collins (January 1999). "A Box H/ACA Small Nucleolar RNA-Like Domain at the Human Telomerase RNA 3' End" (PDF). Molecular and Cellular Biology. 19 (1): 567–576. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  2. Timofey S. Rozhdestvensky, Thean Hock Tang, Inna V. Tchirkova, Jürgen Brosius, Jean‐Pierre Bachellerie and Alexander Hüttenhofer (2003). "Binding of L7Ae protein to the K‐turn of archaeal snoRNAs: a shared RNA binding motif for C/D and H/ACA box snoRNAs in Archaea". Nucleic Acids Research. 31 (3): 869–77. doi:10.1093/nar/gkg175. Retrieved 2014-06-08.

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