Virodhamine

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Virodhamine
IUPAC name 2-aminoethyl (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoate
Other names O-Arachidonoyl ethanolamine
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
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Properties
C22H37NO2
Molar mass 347.53468
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

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Virodhamine (O-arachidonoyl ethanolamine) is an endocannibinoid and a nonclassic eicosanoid, derived from arachidonic acid. O-Arachidonoyl ethanolamine is arachidonic acid and ethanolamine joined by an ester linkage, the opposite of the amide linkage found in anandamide. Based on this opposite orientation, the molecule was named virodhamine from the Sanskrit word virodha, which means opposition. It is an antagonist of the CB1 receptor and an agonist of CB2. Concentrations of virodhamine in the human hippocampus are similar to anandamide, but they were 2- to 9-fold higher in peripheral tissues that express CB2. Virodhamine lowers body temperature in mice, demonstrating cannabinoid activity in vivo.[1]

References

  1. Porter AC, Sauer JM, Knierman MD; et al. (2002). "Characterization of a novel endocannabinoid, virodhamine, with antagonist activity at the CB1 receptor". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 301 (3): 1020–4. PMID 12023533. Retrieved 2007-10-31.





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