Parathyroid hormone 2 receptor

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Parathyroid hormone 2 receptor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PTH2R gene.[1]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family 2. This protein is a receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH). This receptor is more selective in ligand recognition and has a more specific tissue distribution compared to parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTH1R). It is activated by PTH but not by parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) and is particularly abundant in the brain and pancreas.[1]

The molecular interaction of the PTH2 receptor with the peptide TIP39 has been characterized in full 3D molecular detail, identifying among other residues Tyr-318 in transmembrane helix 5 as a key residue for high affinity binding.[2]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: PTH2R parathyroid hormone 2 receptor".
  2. Weaver RE, Mobarec JC, Wigglesworth MJ, Reynolds CA, Donnelly D (2017). "High affinity binding of the peptide agonist TIP-39 to the Parathyroid hormone 2 (PTH2) receptor requires the hydroxyl group of Tyr-318 on transmembrane helix 5". Biochemical Pharmacology. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2016.12.013.

Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.


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