Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 3

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Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BAI3 gene.[1][2]

BAI1, a p53-target gene, encodes brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor, a seven-span transmembrane protein and is thought to be a member of the secretin receptor family. Brain-specific angiogenesis proteins BAI2 and BAI3 are similar to BAI1 in structure, have similar tissue specificities and may also play a role in angiogenesis.[2]

The adhesion GPCR BaI3 is an orphan receptor that has a long N-terminus consisting of one cub domain, five BaI Thrombospondin type 1 repeats, and one hormone binding domain.[3] BaI3 is expressed in neural tissues of the central nervous system. BaI3 has been shown to have a high affinity for C1q proteins. C1q added to hippocampal neurons expressing BaI3 resulted in a decrease in the number of synapses.

References

  1. Shiratsuchi T, Nishimori H, Ichise H, Nakamura Y, Tokino T (Apr 1998). "Cloning and characterization of BAI2 and BAI3, novel genes homologous to brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI1)". Cytogenet Cell Genet. 79 (1–2): 103–8. doi:10.1159/000134693. PMID 9533023.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: BAI3 brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 3".
  3. Marc F. Bolliger, David C. Martinelli, and Thomas C. Südhof. The cell-adhesion G protein-coupled receptor BAI3 is a high-affinity receptor for C1q-like proteins. PNAS 2011 ; published ahead of print January 24, 2011, doi:10.1073/pnas.1019577108

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Further reading

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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