Amenorrhea causes

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Amenorrhea Microchapters


Patient Information

Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Amenorrhea from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings



Echocardiography and Ultrasound

CT scan


Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Amenorrhea causes On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Amenorrhea causes

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Amenorrhea causes

CDC on Amenorrhea causes

Amenorrhea causes in the news

Blogs on Amenorrhea causes

Directions to Hospitals Treating Amenorrhea

Risk calculators and risk factors for Amenorrhea causes

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Eiman Ghaffarpasand, M.D. [2], Kiran Singh, M.D. [3]


Common causes of amenorrhea are breastfeeding, pregnancy, menopause, and stress. Common causes of primary amenorrhea are craniopharyngioma, idiopathic gonadotropin deficiency, Kallmann's Syndrome, Mayer-Rokitansky-Hauser Syndrome, Mullerian dysgenesis, and outflow tract disorders. Common causes of secondary amenorrhea are craniocerebral trauma, curettage, Cushing's Syndrome, depression, diabetes mellitus, and drug side effects. Common causes of functional amenorrhea are stress, rapid weight loss, and excessive exercise.


Life Threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated. There are no life-threatening causes of amenorrhea, however complications resulting from untreated amenorrhea are common.

Common Causes

Less Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Haemosiderosis, heart disease
Chemical/Poisoning Alcoholism, Alcohol poisoning, Lead poisoning, Mercury poisoning, Morphine poisoning
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic Systemic lupus erythematosus
Drug Side Effect Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Chemotherapy, Combined oral contraceptive pill, Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin, Ethanol, Fluoxymesterone, Medroxy-progesterone acetate, Metoclopramide, Nandrolone, Spironolactone, Stanozolol
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine Acromegaly, 5-alpha-reductase deficiency, Achard-Thiers syndrome, Addison's disease, Adrenal cortex tumours, Adrenal gland disorders, Adrenocortical hyperplasia, Ahumada-Del Castillo syndrome, Androgen insensitivity syndrome, Anorexia nervosa, Anovulation, Anterior pituitary failure, Arrhenoblastoma, Autoimmune adrenalitis, Breastfeeding, C21-hydroxylase deficiency, Chiari-Frommel syndrome, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia , Conn syndrome, Constitutional delay of puberty, Corpus luteum cyst, Cortisone reductase deficiency, Cretinism, Cushing's disease, Cushing syndrome, Diabetes mellitus, Dystrophia adipose-genitalis, Eating disorders, Empty sella syndrome, Exogenous androgen use, Female athlete syndrome, Forbes-Albright syndrome, Frohlich's syndrome, FSH receptor deficiency, Galactorrhea, Galactorrhoea-hyperprolactinaemia, GnRH deficiency, Hyperprolactinaemia, Hyperthyroidism, Hypogonadism, Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Hypopituitarism, Hypothyroidism, Incomplete androgen insensitivity, Kallmann syndrome, Laron syndrome , Masculinization disorders, Mayer-Rokitansky syndrome, Menopause, Mullerian aplasia, Mullerian dysgenesis, Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Myxoedema, Obesity, Ovarian failure, Ovarian insufficiency due to FSH resistance, Familial ovarian insufficiency, Panhypopituitarism, Perimenopause, Pituitary apoplexy, Pituitary dwarfism, Pituitary infarct, Pituitary tumour, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Premature ovarian failure, Prolactinoma, Pseudoamenorrhea, Pseudocyesis, Rapid weight loss, Sheehan syndrome, Simmonds' disease, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, Testicular feminization syndrome, Testosterone, Thyrotoxicosis, Underweight, Weight gain, XY female
Environmental Climate change
Gastroenterologic Anorexia nervosa, Autoimmune hepatitis, Bearn-Kunkel syndrome, Celiac disease , Cystic fibrosis, Eating disorders, Hemosiderosis, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Inflammatory bowel disease, Liver cirrhosis, Malabsorption syndrome, Rapid weight loss, Weight gain
Genetic 18p minus syndrome, Agenesis of lower vagina, Androgen insensitivity syndrome, C21-hydroxylase deficiency, Celiac disease, Chromosome 15q duplication syndrome, Chromosome 17p - partial deletion, Cortisone reductase deficiency, Defect in sry gene, Cystic fibrosis, Down's syndrome, FGFR1 mutation, Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency, Gonadal dysgenesis, Kal1 mutation, Kallmann syndrome, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, Mayer-Rokitansky syndrome, Ovarian insufficiency - familial, Prader-Willi syndrome , PROKR2 mutation, Tetrasomy X, Triple X syndrome, Turner syndrome, Werner syndrome, XY female
Hematologic Anemia, Hemosiderosis, Hodgkin's disease, Leukemia
Iatrogenic Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Chemotherapy, Combined oral contraceptive pill, Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin, Ethanol, Fluoxymesterone, Medroxy-progesterone acetate, Metoclopramide, Nandrolone, Spironolactone, Stanozolol
Infectious Disease Mumps, Tuberculosis
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic Brain tumor, Craniopharyngioma, Dystrophia adipose-genitalis, Empty sella syndrome, Frohlich's syndrome, Glioma, Hypothalamic tumor, Meningioma, Ovarioleukodystrophy, Traumatic brain injury
Nutritional/Metabolic Dietetic deficiency, Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency, Low weight, Malabsorption syndrome, Malnutrition, Obesity, Proprotein convertase 1,3 deficiency, Rapid weight loss, Underweight, Vitamin A embryopathy, Weight gain
Obstetric/Gynecologic Anovulation, Asherman syndrome, Autoimmune hepatitis, Autoimmune oophoritis, Cervical closure, Combined oral contraceptive pill, Complications from D&C procedure, Corpus luteum cyst, Defect in SRY gene, Ectopic pregnancy, Endometrial scarring, FSH receptor deficiency, Germinoma, Granulosa-cell tumor, Hematocolpos, Hematometra, Hematosalpinx, Hydatidiform mole, Hypogonadism, Hysterectomy, Imperforate hymen, Mayer-Rokitansky syndrome, Menopause, Mullerian aplasia, Mullerian dysgenesis, Ovarian cancer, Ovarian failure, Ovarian insufficiency due to FSH resistance, Ovarian insufficiency - familial, Ovarioleukodystrophy, Ovary damage, Perimenopause, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Pregnancy, Premature ovarian failure, Pseudoamenorrhea, Pseudocyesis, Reproductive disorders, Sheehan syndrome, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, Tubal ligation syndrome, Uterine aplasia, Vaginal agenesis, vaginal closure, vaginal septum, Virilizing ovarian tumor, XY female
Oncologic Granulosa cell tumor, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Hodgkin's disease, Hypothalamic tumor, Leukemia, Meningioma, Ovarian cancer, Prolactinoma, Virilizing ovarian tumor
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity Alcohol poisoning, Lead poisoning, Mercury poisoning, Morphine poisoning
Psychiatric Alcoholism, Anorexia nervosa, Anxiety, Bulimia, Depression, Eating disorders, Emotional turmoil, Excessive exercise, Female athlete syndrome, Grief, Insanity, Ovarioleukodystrophy, Primary affection disorder, Stress
Pulmonary Cystic fibrosis, Tuberculosis
Renal/Electrolyte Chronic renal failure, Denys-Drash syndrome, Hypokalaemic distal renal tubular acidosis, Nephritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Autoimmune adrenalitis, Autoimmune hepatitis, Autoimmune oophoritis, Celiac disease, Systemic lupus erythematosus
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Traumatic brain injury
Urologic Frasier syndrome
Miscellaneous Cranial irradiation, Chronic illness, Radiotherapy

Causes in Alphabetical Order

Causes Based on Classification


Secondary Amenorrhea

Functional amenorrhea


  1. Abed J, Judeh H, Abed E, Kim M, Arabelo H, Gurunathan R (2014). ""Fixing a heart": the game of electrolytes in anorexia nervosa". Nutr J. 13: 90. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-90. PMC 4168120. PMID 25192814.
  2. Andersen AE, Ryan GL (2009). "Eating disorders in the obstetric and gynecologic patient population". Obstet Gynecol. 114 (6): 1353–67. doi:10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181c070f9. PMID 19935043.
  3. Shaikh NB, Shaikh S, Shaikh F (2014). "A clinical study of ectopic pregnancy". J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 26 (2): 178–81. PMID 25603672.
  4. Hobart JA, Smucker DR (2000). "The female athlete triad". Am Fam Physician. 61 (11): 3357–64, 3367. PMID 10865930.
  5. Sailer, Christian, Wasner, Susanne. Differential Diagnosis Pocket. Hermosa Beach, CA: Borm Bruckmeir Publishing LLC, 2002:77 ISBN 1591032016

Template:WH Template:WS