Amenorrhea x ray

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Primary amenorrhea
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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Eiman Ghaffarpasand, M.D. [2]

Overview

There are no specific X-ray findings associated with amenorrhea. There are no X-ray findings associated with most common causes of amenorrhea, like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and premature ovarian failure. However, an X-ray may be helpful in the diagnosis of delayed puberty.

X Ray

16 years old girl with growth hormone insufficiency - Case courtesy of Dr Aneta Kecler-Pietrzyk, via Radiopaedia.org[1]



References

  1. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/53554">rID: 53554<nowiki>
  2. Flor-Cisneros A, Leschek EW, Merke DP, Barnes KM, Coco M, Cutler GB, Baron J (2004). "In boys with abnormal developmental tempo, maturation of the skeleton and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis remains synchronous". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 89 (1): 236–41. doi:10.1210/jc.2002-021954. PMID 14715856.
  3. Flor-Cisneros A, Roemmich JN, Rogol AD, Baron J (2006). "Bone age and onset of puberty in normal boys". Mol Cell Endocrinol. 254-255: 202–6. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2006.04.008. PMC 1586226. PMID 16837127.
  4. Kulin HE, Bwibo N, Mutie D, Santner SJ (1982). "The effect of chronic childhood malnutrition on pubertal growth and development". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 36 (3): 527–36. PMID 7113957.
  5. Alvear J, Artaza C, Vial M, Guerrero S, Muzzo S (1986). "Physical growth and bone age of survivors of protein energy malnutrition". Arch. Dis. Child. 61 (3): 257–62. PMC 1777696. PMID 3083790.
  6. Pantsiouou S, Stanhope R, Uruena M, Preece MA, Grant DB (1991). "Growth prognosis and growth after menarche in primary hypothyroidism". Arch. Dis. Child. 66 (7): 838–40. PMC 1793266. PMID 1863095.
  7. Sedlmeyer IL, Palmert MR (2002). "Delayed puberty: analysis of a large case series from an academic center". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 87 (4): 1613–20. doi:10.1210/jcem.87.4.8395. PMID 11932291.
  8. Tanner JM, Whitehouse RH (1975). "A note on the bone age at which patients with true isolated growth hormone deficiency enter puberty". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 41 (4): 788–90. doi:10.1210/jcem-41-4-788. PMID 170299.
  9. Palmert, Mark R.; Dunkel, Leo (2012). "Delayed Puberty". New England Journal of Medicine. 366 (5): 443–453. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1109290. ISSN 0028-4793.
  10. Manzoor Mughal A, Hassan N, Ahmed A (2014). "The applicability of the Greulich & Pyle Atlas for bone age assessment in primary school-going children of Karachi, Pakistan". Pak J Med Sci. 30 (2): 409–11. PMC 3999020. PMID 24772153.
  11. Wit JM, Rekers-Mombarg LT (2002). "Final height gain by GH therapy in children with idiopathic short stature is dose dependent". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 87 (2): 604–11. doi:10.1210/jcem.87.2.8225. PMID 11836292.
  12. BAYLEY N, PINNEAU SR (1952). "Tables for predicting adult height from skeletal age: revised for use with the Greulich-Pyle hand standards". J. Pediatr. 40 (4): 423–41. PMID 14918032.