Amenorrhea MRI

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Eiman Ghaffarpasand, M.D. [2]

Overview

There are no MRI findings associated with amenorrhea. However, a MRI may be helpful in the diagnosis of the diseases that can cause amenorrhea, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), androgen insensitivity syndrome, anatomic genital defects, and also pituitary adenoma.

MRI

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - Case courtesy of Dr Ahmed Mahrous Saied, Via Radiopaedia.org[1]
Intra-abdominal testes in androgen insensitivity syndrome - Case courtesy of Dr Dalia Ibrahim, Via Radiopaedia.org[2]
Transverse vaginal septum - Case courtesy of Dr Praveen Jha, Via Radiopaedia.org[3]

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)



















Androgen insensitivity syndrome



















Anatomic genital defects



















Pituitary adenoma

References

  1. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/32857">rID: 32857
  2. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/29208">rID: 29208
  3. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/16198">rID: 16198
  4. Balen AH, Laven JS, Tan SL, Dewailly D (2003). "Ultrasound assessment of the polycystic ovary: international consensus definitions". Hum. Reprod. Update. 9 (6): 505–14. PMID 14714587.
  5. Lujan ME, Jarrett BY, Brooks ED, Reines JK, Peppin AK, Muhn N, Haider E, Pierson RA, Chizen DR (2013). "Updated ultrasound criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome: reliable thresholds for elevated follicle population and ovarian volume". Hum. Reprod. 28 (5): 1361–8. doi:10.1093/humrep/det062. PMID 23503943.
  6. Tank, Jay; Knoll, Abraham; Gilet, Anthony; Kim, Susanne (2015). "Imaging characteristics of androgen insensitivity syndrome". Clinical Imaging. 39 (4): 707–710. doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2015.02.002. ISSN 0899-7071.
  7. Lardenoije C, Aardenburg R, Mertens H (2009). "Imperforate hymen: a cause of abdominal pain in female adolescents". BMJ Case Rep. 2009. doi:10.1136/bcr.08.2008.0722. PMC 3029536. PMID 21686660.
  8. Boehm U, Bouloux PM, Dattani MT, de Roux N, Dodé C, Dunkel L, Dwyer AA, Giacobini P, Hardelin JP, Juul A, Maghnie M, Pitteloud N, Prevot V, Raivio T, Tena-Sempere M, Quinton R, Young J (2015). "Expert consensus document: European Consensus Statement on congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism--pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment". Nat Rev Endocrinol. 11 (9): 547–64. doi:10.1038/nrendo.2015.112. PMID 26194704.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/16890">rID: 16890