ECGF1

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

Thymidine phosphorylase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TYMP gene.[1][2]

Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF1) is an angiogenic factor which promotes angiogenesis in vivo and stimulates the in vitro growth of a variety of endothelial cells. ECGF1 has a highly restricted target cell specificity acting only on endothelial cells. Because it limits glial cell proliferation, ECGF1 is also known as thymidine phosphorylase and as gliostatin. The ECGF1 gene contains 10 exons spanning more than 4.3 kb. Thymidine phosphorylase activity of ECGF1 in leukocytes from mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) patients was less than 5 percent of controls, indicating that loss-of-function mutations in thymidine phosphorylase cause MNGIE.[3]

Interactive pathway map

Click on genes, proteins and metabolites below to link to respective articles.[§ 1]

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Fluorouracil (5-FU) Activity edit
  1. The interactive pathway map can be edited at WikiPathways: "FluoropyrimidineActivity_WP1601".

References

  1. Usuki K, Saras J, Waltenberger J, Miyazono K, Pierce G, Thomason A, Heldin CH (Jun 1992). "Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor has thymidine phosphorylase activity". Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 184 (3): 1311–6. doi:10.1016/S0006-291X(05)80025-7. PMID 1590793.
  2. Spinazzola A, Marti R, Nishino I, Andreu AL, Naini A, Tadesse S, Pela I, Zammarchi E, Donati MA, Oliver JA, Hirano M (Feb 2002). "Altered thymidine metabolism due to defects of thymidine phosphorylase". J Biol Chem. 277 (6): 4128–33. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111028200. PMID 11733540.
  3. "Entrez Gene: ECGF1 endothelial cell growth factor 1 (platelet-derived)".

External links

Further reading



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