B3GAT2

Jump to: navigation, search
VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

n/a

n/a

RefSeq (protein)

n/a

n/a

Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

Galactosylgalactosylxylosylprotein 3-beta-glucuronosyltransferase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the B3GAT2 gene.[1][2]

The product of this gene is a transmembrane protein belonging to the glucuronyltransferase family, and catalyzes the transfer of a beta-1,3 linked glucuronic acid to a terminal galactose in different glycoproteins or glycolipids containing a Gal-beta-1-4GlcNAc or Gal-beta-1-3GlcNAc residue. The encoded protein is involved in the synthesis of the human natural killer-1 (HNK-1) carbohydrate epitope, a sulfated trisaccharide implicated in cellular migration and adhesion in the nervous system.[2]

Use of HNK-1 Antibody for Neural Crest Research

Antibodies raised against the HNK-1 epitope have played a large role in studies of the neural crest, especially in the avian embryo.[3] The first antibody raised against this epitope was NC-1,[4] which permitted much easier analyses of neural crest migration pathways. In avians, and especially in other vertebrates, the results of HNK-1 staining should be interpreted with caution as the epitope is not unique to the neural crest.

References

  1. Imiya K, Ishizaki T, Seiki T, Saito F, Inazawa J, Oka S, Kawasaki T (Oct 2002). "cDNA cloning, genomic structure and chromosomal mapping of the mouse glucuronyltransferase-S involved in the biosynthesis of the HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope". Gene. 296 (1–2): 29–36. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(02)00840-5. PMID 12383500.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: B3GAT2 beta-1,3-glucuronyltransferase 2 (glucuronosyltransferase S)".
  3. Bronner-Fraser M (May 1986). "Analysis of the early stages of trunk neural crest migration in avian embryos using monoclonal antibody HNK-1". Dev. Biol. 115 (1): 44–55. doi:10.1016/0012-1606(86)90226-5. PMID 3516760.
  4. Vincent M, Thiery JP (June 1984). "A cell surface marker for neural crest and placodal cells: further evolution in peripheral and central nervous system". Dev. Biol. 103 (2): 468–81. doi:10.1016/0012-1606(84)90334-8. PMID 6202575.

External links

Further reading




Linked-in.jpg