Ribose (ɹˈaɪbəʊs, ɹˈaɪbəɹʊs), primarily seen as D-ribose, is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group in its linear form. It has the chemical formula Template:Carbon5Template:Hydrogen10Template:Oxygen5, and was discovered in 1905 by Phoebus Levene.
As a component of the RNA that is used for genetic transcription, ribose is critical to living creatures. It is related to deoxyribose, which is a component of DNA. It is also a component of ATP, NADH, and several other chemicals that are critical to metabolism.
D-Ribose has the same configuration at its penultimate carbon atom as D-glyceraldehyde.
bg:Рибоза cs:Ribóza da:Ribose de:Ribose eo:Ribozo id:Ribosa it:Ribosio he:ריבוז lv:Riboze lt:Ribozė nl:Ribose no:Ribose oc:Ribòsa simple:Ribose sr:Рибоза sh:Riboza fi:Riboosi sv:Ribos ta:ரைபோஸ் uk:Рибоза