Beta-galactoside alpha-2,6-sialyltransferase

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In enzymology, a beta-galactoside alpha-2,6-sialyltransferase (EC 2.4.99.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine CMP + alpha-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,6-beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-beta-D- glucosamine

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are CMP-N-acetylneuraminate and beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine, whereas its 3 products are CMP, alpha-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,6-beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-beta-D-, and glucosamine.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those glycosyltransferases that do not transfer hexosyl or pentosyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucos amine alpha-2,6-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase. This enzyme participates in n-glycan biosynthesis and glycan structures - biosynthesis 1.

References

  • IUBMB entry for 2.4.99.1
  • BRENDA references for 2.4.99.1 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 2.4.99.1
  • PubMed Central references for 2.4.99.1
  • Google Scholar references for 2.4.99.1
  • Bartholomew BA, Jourdian GW, Roseman S (1973). "The sialic acids. XV. Transfer of sialic acid to glycoproteins by a sialyltransferase from colostrum". J. Biol. Chem. 248: 5751&ndash, 62. PMID 4723915.
  • Hickman J, Ashwell G, Morell AG, van den Hamer CJ, Scheinberg IH (1970). "Physical and chemical studies on ceruloplasmin. 8. Preparation of N-acetylneuraminic acid-1-14C-labeled ceruloplasmin". J. Biol. Chem. 245: 759&ndash, 66. PMID 4313609.
  • Paulson JC, Beranek WE, Hill RL (1977). "Purification of a sialyltransferase from bovine colostrum by affinity chromatography on CDP-agarose". J. Biol. Chem. 252: 2356&ndash, 62. PMID 849932.
  • Schachter H, Narasimhan S, Gleeson P, Vella G (1983). "Glycosyltransferases involved in elongation of N-glycosidically linked oligosaccharides of the complex or N-acetyllactosamine type". Methods. Enzymol. 98: 98&ndash, 134. PMID 6366476.
  • Spiro MJ, Spiro RG (1968). "Glycoprotein biosynthesis: studies on thyroglobulin. Thyroid sialyltransferase". J. Biol. Chem. 243: 6520&ndash, 8. PMID 5726897.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 9075-81-4.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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