This gene encodes a member of the serine/threonine protein kinase family and the TGFB receptor subfamily. The encoded protein is a transmembrane protein that has a protein kinase domain, forms a heterodimeric complex with another receptor protein, and binds TGF-beta. This receptor/ligand complex phosphorylates proteins, which then enter the nucleus and regulate the transcription of a subset of genes related to cell proliferation. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Deitz aortic aneurysm syndrome, Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, and the development of various types of tumors. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been characterized.
TGF beta receptor 2 has been shown to interact with:
↑Liu JH, Wei S, Burnette PK, Gamero AM, Hutton M, Djeu JY (Jan 1999). "Functional association of TGF-beta receptor II with cyclin B". Oncogene. 18 (1): 269–75. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1202263. PMID9926943.
↑ 5.05.1Barbara NP, Wrana JL, Letarte M (Jan 1999). "Endoglin is an accessory protein that interacts with the signaling receptor complex of multiple members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274 (2): 584–94. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.2.584. PMID9872992.
↑Guerrero-Esteo M, Sanchez-Elsner T, Letamendia A, Bernabeu C (Aug 2002). "Extracellular and cytoplasmic domains of endoglin interact with the transforming growth factor-beta receptors I and II". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (32): 29197–209. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111991200. PMID12015308.
↑Datta PK, Chytil A, Gorska AE, Moses HL (Dec 1998). "Identification of STRAP, a novel WD domain protein in transforming growth factor-beta signaling". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 273 (52): 34671–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.52.34671. PMID9856985.
↑Kawabata M, Chytil A, Moses HL (Mar 1995). "Cloning of a novel type II serine/threonine kinase receptor through interaction with the type I transforming growth factor-beta receptor". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 270 (10): 5625–30. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.10.5625. PMID7890683.
↑Razani B, Zhang XL, Bitzer M, von Gersdorff G, Böttinger EP, Lisanti MP (Mar 2001). "Caveolin-1 regulates transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta/SMAD signaling through an interaction with the TGF-beta type I receptor". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276 (9): 6727–38. doi:10.1074/jbc.M008340200. PMID11102446.
↑De Crescenzo G, Pham PL, Durocher Y, O'Connor-McCourt MD (May 2003). "Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) binding to the extracellular domain of the type II TGF-beta receptor: receptor capture on a biosensor surface using a new coiled-coil capture system demonstrates that avidity contributes significantly to high affinity binding". Journal of Molecular Biology. 328 (5): 1173–83. doi:10.1016/s0022-2836(03)00360-7. PMID12729750.
↑ 13.013.1Hart PJ, Deep S, Taylor AB, Shu Z, Hinck CS, Hinck AP (Mar 2002). "Crystal structure of the human TbetaR2 ectodomain--TGF-beta3 complex". Nature Structural Biology. 9 (3): 203–8. doi:10.1038/nsb766. PMID11850637.