Foster Kennedy syndrome

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Foster Kennedy syndrome
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ICD-9 377.04
DiseasesDB 31967

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List of terms related to Foster Kennedy syndrome

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Synonyms and keywords: Gowers-Paton-Kennedy syndrome, Kennedy's phenomenon or Kennedy's syndrome

Overview

Foster Kennedy syndrome refers to a constellation of findings associated with brain tumors involving the frontal lobe.[1]

Historical Perspective

The syndrome was first extensively noted by Robert Foster Kennedy in 1911, a British neurologist, who spent most of his career working in the United States of America.[2] However, the first mention of the syndrome came from a William Gowers in 1893. Schultz-Zehden described the symptoms again in 1905. A later description was written by Wilhelm Uhthoff in 1915.[3]


Although "Foster Kennedy syndrome" is equated with "Kennedy syndrome",[4] it should not be confused with Kennedy disease, which is named for W. R. Kennedy.

Pseudo-Foster Kennedy syndrome is defined as one-sided optic atrophy with papilledema in the other eye but with the absence of a mass.[5]

Diagnosis

Physical Examination

Neurologic

This syndrome is due to optic nerve compression, olfactory nerve compression, and increased intracranial pressure (ICP) secondary to a mass (such as meningioma or plasmacytoma, usually an olfactory groove meningioma).[6][7] There are other symptoms present in some cases such as nausea and vomiting, memory loss and emotional lability (i.e. frontal lobe signs).[7]

Treatment and prognosis

The treatment, and therefore prognosis, varies depending upon the underlying tumour.[7]

References

  1. Kennedy syndrome at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. Thorofare, NJ (1911). Kennedy F; Retrobulbar neuritis as an exact diagnostic sign of certain tumors and abscesses in the frontal lobe. American Journal of the Medical Sciences.
  3. "Kennedy's syndrome". Retrieved 2008-08-13.
  4. Foster Kennedy syndrome at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  5. Bansal S, Dabbs T, Long V (2008). "Pseudo-Foster Kennedy Syndrome due to unilateral optic nerve hypoplasia: a case report". J Med Case Reports. 2: 86. doi:10.1186/1752-1947-2-86. PMC 2278154. PMID 18348732. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
  6. Longmore, Murray (2007). Oxford Handbook of Clinicial Medicine, 7th edition. Oxford University Press. p. 690. ISBN 0-19-856837-1. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Willacy, Hayley. "Foster Kennedy syndrome". Retrieved 2008-08-13.

de:Foster Kennedy-Syndrom it:Sindrome di Foster-Kennedy


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