Sclera

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Sclera
Schematic diagram of the human eye en svg.png
Schematic diagram of the human eye.
Gray's subject #225 1006
Artery anterior ciliary arteries
MeSH Sclera

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]



The sclera is the opaque (usually white), fibrous, protective layer of the eye containing collagen and elastic fibers.[1] In children, it is thinner and shows some of the underlying pigment, appearing slightly blue. In the old, however, fatty deposits on the sclera can make it appear slightly yellow.

The sclera forms the posterior five sixths of the connective tissue coat of the globe. The sclera maintains the shape of the globe, offering resistance to internal and external forces, and provides an attachment for the extraocular muscle insertions. The thickness of the sclera varies from 1mm at the posterior pole to 0.3 mm just behind the rectus muscle insertions.

Additional images

References

  1. Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Gainesville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990.

External links


ca:Escleròtica

de:Sclerait:Sclera lt:Odena nl:Sclerano:Sklerask:Očné bielkosv:senhinnan


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