Bladder cancer other imaging findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farima Kahe M.D. [2]

Overview

Cystoscopy may be helpful for initial diagnosis and staging of bladder cancer. Findings of cystoscopy include Multiple bladder biopsy specimens from various locations and gross extravesical extension, invasion of adjacent organs, or pelvic sidewall involvement.

Other Imaging Findings

  • Cystoscopy may be helpful in the diagnosis of bladder cancer. Findings diagnostic of bladder cancer include:[1][2][3]
    • Multiple bladder biopsy specimens from various locations
    • Gross extravesical extension, invasion of adjacent organs, or pelvic sidewall involvement
    • Detects more tumors (both papillary and CIS) with fluorescence cystoscopy than white-light cystoscopy


References

  1. Shariat SF, Karam JA, Lotan Y, Karakiewizc PI (2008). "Critical evaluation of urinary markers for bladder cancer detection and monitoring". Rev Urol. 10 (2): 120–35. PMC 2483317. PMID 18660854.
  2. Krieg RC, Messmann H, Rauch J, Seeger S, Knuechel R (November 2002). "Metabolic characterization of tumor cell-specific protoporphyrin IX accumulation after exposure to 5-aminolevulinic acid in human colonic cells". Photochem. Photobiol. 76 (5): 518–25. PMID 12462647.
  3. Wiener HG, Mian C, Haitel A, Pycha A, Schatzl G, Marberger M (June 1998). "Can urine bound diagnostic tests replace cystoscopy in the management of bladder cancer?". J. Urol. 159 (6): 1876–80. PMID 9598479.

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