Bladder cancer CT

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farima Kahe M.D. [2]

Overview

Abdomen and pelvis CT scan may be helpful in the diagnosis of bladder cancer. Findings on CT scan include extravesical extension to lymph nodes, the liver or other structures around the bladder, nodal involvement in the pelvis or retroperitoneum, visceral, pulmonary, or osseous metastasis.

CT Scan

  • Abdomen and pelvis CT scan may be helpful in the diagnosis of bladder cancer. Findings on CT scan diagnostic of bladder cancer include:[1][2][3][4]
    • Determine tumor size
    • Extravesical extension to lymph nodes, the liver or other structures around the bladder
    • To distinguish T3b tumors and T4 tumors
    • Nodal involvement in the pelvis or retroperitoneum, visceral, pulmonary, or osseous metastasis
    • Tumor involvement or obstruction of the upper urinary tract


References

  1. Husband JE, Olliff JF, Williams MP, Heron CW, Cherryman GR (November 1989). "Bladder cancer: staging with CT and MR imaging". Radiology. 173 (2): 435–40. doi:10.1148/radiology.173.2.2798874. PMID 2798874.
  2. Blanco Díez A, Ruibal Moldes M, Suárez Pascual G, Fernández Rosado E, Gómez Veiga F, Alvarez Castelo L, Chantada Abal V, González Martín M (2003). "[Staging of infiltrating bladder cancer. Role of C.T. scan]". Arch. Esp. Urol. (in Spanish; Castilian). 56 (1): 23–9. PMID 12701477.
  3. Cowan NC, Crew JP (September 2010). "Imaging bladder cancer". Curr Opin Urol. 20 (5): 409–13. doi:10.1097/MOU.0b013e32833cbcb9. PMID 20625298.
  4. Bouchelouche K, Turkbey B, Choyke PL (July 2012). "PET/CT and MRI in Bladder Cancer". J Cancer Sci Ther. S14 (1). doi:10.4172/1948-5956.S14-001. PMC 3587689. PMID 23471167.

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