Congestive heart failure beta blockers

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Patient Information

Overview

Classification

Pathophysiology

Systolic Dysfunction
Diastolic Dysfunction
HFpEF

Causes

Differentiating Congestive heart failure from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Clinical Assessment

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

Chest X Ray

Cardiac MRI

Echocardiography

Exercise Stress Test

Myocardial Viability Studies

Cardiac Catheterization

Treatment

Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring

Medical Therapy:

Summary
Acute Pharmacotherapy
Chronic Pharmacotherapy in HFpEF
Chronic Pharmacotherapy in HFrEF
Diuretics
ACE Inhibitors
Angiotensin receptor blockers
Aldosterone Antagonists
Beta Blockers
Ca Channel Blockers
Nitrates
Hydralazine
Positive Inotropics
Anticoagulants
Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibitor
Antiarrhythmic Drugs
Nutritional Supplements
Hormonal Therapies
Drugs to Avoid
Drug Interactions
Treatment of underlying causes
Associated conditions

Exercise Training

Surgical Therapy:

Biventricular Pacing or Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT)
Implantation of Intracardiac Defibrillator
Ultrafiltration
Cardiac Surgery
Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVADs)
Cardiac Transplantation

ACC/AHA Guideline Recommendations

Initial and Serial Evaluation of the HF Patient
Hospitalized Patient
Patients With a Prior MI
Sudden Cardiac Death Prevention
Surgical/Percutaneous/Transcather Interventional Treatments of HF
Patients at high risk for developing heart failure (Stage A)
Patients with cardiac structural abnormalities or remodeling who have not developed heart failure symptoms (Stage B)
Patients with current or prior symptoms of heart failure (Stage C)
Patients with refractory end-stage heart failure (Stage D)
Coordinating Care for Patients With Chronic HF
Quality Metrics/Performance Measures

Implementation of Practice Guidelines

Congestive heart failure end-of-life considerations

Specific Groups:

Special Populations
Patients who have concomitant disorders
Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Patient with CHF
NSTEMI with Heart Failure and Cardiogenic Shock

Congestive heart failure beta blockers On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

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Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Congestive heart failure beta blockers

CDC on Congestive heart failure beta blockers

Congestive heart failure beta blockers in the news

Blogs on Congestive heart failure beta blockers

Directions to Hospitals Treating Congestive heart failure beta blockers

Risk calculators and risk factors for Congestive heart failure beta blockers

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Editor(s)-In-Chief: James Chang, M.D., Cardiovascular Division Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston MA, Harvard Medical School [2] and C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [3], Cardiovascular Division Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston MA, Harvard Medical School; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S. [4]

Beta Blockers

Indications for Beta Blockers Use

A patient should be administered a "heart failure approved" beta blocker (metoprolol succinate[1], carvedilol, bisoprolol) if:

1. The Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) is ≤ 40%

or

2. There is a history of myocardial infarction (MI)[2]

Background

2009 ACC/AHA Focused Update and 2005 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult (DO NOT EDIT) [3][4]

Blockers in Patients Presenting With Heart Failure (DO NOT EDIT) [3][4]

Class I
"1. Beta blockers (using 1 of the 3 proven to reduce mortality, i.e., bisoprolol, carvedilol, and sustained release metoprolol succinate) are recommended for all stable patients with current or prior symptoms of heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), unless contraindicated.[5][1][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22] (Level of Evidence: A) "

Vote on and Suggest Revisions to the Current Guidelines

External Links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hjalmarson A, Goldstein S, Fagerberg B, Wedel H, Waagstein F, Kjekshus J, Wikstrand J, El Allaf D, Vítovec J, Aldershvile J, Halinen M, Dietz R, Neuhaus KL, Jánosi A, Thorgeirsson G, Dunselman PH, Gullestad L, Kuch J, Herlitz J, Rickenbacher P, Ball S, Gottlieb S, Deedwania P (2000). "Effects of controlled-release metoprolol on total mortality, hospitalizations, and well-being in patients with heart failure: the Metoprolol CR/XL Randomized Intervention Trial in congestive heart failure (MERIT-HF). MERIT-HF Study Group". JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association. 283 (10): 1295–302. PMID 10714728. Retrieved 2012-04-03. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. Gottlieb SS, McCarter RJ, Vogel RA (1998). "Effect of beta-blockade on mortality among high-risk and low-risk patients after myocardial infarction". The New England Journal of Medicine. 339 (8): 489–97. doi:10.1056/NEJM199808203390801. PMID 9709041. Retrieved 2012-04-03. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Hunt SA, Abraham WT, Chin MH, Feldman AM, Francis GS, Ganiats TG, Jessup M, Konstam MA, Mancini DM, Michl K, Oates JA, Rahko PS, Silver MA, Stevenson LW, Yancy CW, Antman EM, Smith SC Jr, Adams CD, Anderson JL, Faxon DP, Fuster V, Halperin JL, Hiratzka LF, Jacobs AK, Nishimura R, Ornato JP, Page RL, Riegel B; American College of Cardiology; American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines; American College of Chest Physicians; International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation; Heart Rhythm Society. ACC/AHA 2005 Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Update the 2001 Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Heart Failure): developed in collaboration with the American College of Chest Physicians and the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society. Circulation. 2005 Sep 20; 112(12): e154-235. Epub 2005 Sep 13. PMID 16160202
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Jessup M, Abraham WT, Casey DE, Feldman AM, Francis GS, Ganiats TG et al. (2009) 2009 focused update: ACCF/AHA Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure in Adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines: developed in collaboration with the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Circulation 119 (14):1977-2016. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192064 PMID: 19324967
  5. "The Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study II (CIBIS-II): a randomised trial". Lancet. 353 (9146): 9–13. 1999. PMID 10023943. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. "A trial of the beta-blocker bucindolol in patients with advanced chronic heart failure". The New England Journal of Medicine. 344 (22): 1659–67. 2001. doi:10.1056/NEJM200105313442202. PMID 11386264. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. Poole-Wilson PA, Swedberg K, Cleland JG, Di Lenarda A, Hanrath P, Komajda M, Lubsen J, Lutiger B, Metra M, Remme WJ, Torp-Pedersen C, Scherhag A, Skene A (2003). "Comparison of carvedilol and metoprolol on clinical outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure in the Carvedilol Or Metoprolol European Trial (COMET): randomised controlled trial". Lancet. 362 (9377): 7–13. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13800-7. PMID 12853193. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  8. "Effect of metoprolol CR/XL in chronic heart failure: Metoprolol CR/XL Randomised Intervention Trial in Congestive Heart Failure (MERIT-HF)". Lancet. 353 (9169): 2001–7. 1999. PMID 10376614. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  9. Lechat P, Packer M, Chalon S, Cucherat M, Arab T, Boissel JP (1998). "Clinical effects of beta-adrenergic blockade in chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis of double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trials". Circulation. 98 (12): 1184–91. PMID 9743509. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  10. Packer M, Bristow MR, Cohn JN, Colucci WS, Fowler MB, Gilbert EM, Shusterman NH (1996). "The effect of carvedilol on morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. U.S. Carvedilol Heart Failure Study Group". The New England Journal of Medicine. 334 (21): 1349–55. doi:10.1056/NEJM199605233342101. PMID 8614419. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  11. Packer M, Coats AJ, Fowler MB, Katus HA, Krum H, Mohacsi P, Rouleau JL, Tendera M, Castaigne A, Roecker EB, Schultz MK, DeMets DL (2001). "Effect of carvedilol on survival in severe chronic heart failure". The New England Journal of Medicine. 344 (22): 1651–8. doi:10.1056/NEJM200105313442201. PMID 11386263. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  12. Dargie HJ (2001). "Effect of carvedilol on outcome after myocardial infarction in patients with left-ventricular dysfunction: the CAPRICORN randomised trial". Lancet. 357 (9266): 1385–90. PMID 11356434. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  13. Cleland JG, Pennell DJ, Ray SG, Coats AJ, Macfarlane PW, Murray GD, Mule JD, Vered Z, Lahiri A (2003). "Myocardial viability as a determinant of the ejection fraction response to carvedilol in patients with heart failure (CHRISTMAS trial): randomised controlled trial". Lancet. 362 (9377): 14–21. PMID 12853194. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  14. Fisher ML, Gottlieb SS, Plotnick GD, Greenberg NL, Patten RD, Bennett SK, Hamilton BP (1994). "Beneficial effects of metoprolol in heart failure associated with coronary artery disease: a randomized trial". Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 23 (4): 943–50. PMID 8106700. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  15. Metra M, Nardi M, Giubbini R, Dei Cas L (1994). "Effects of short- and long-term carvedilol administration on rest and exercise hemodynamic variables, exercise capacity and clinical conditions in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy". Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 24 (7): 1678–87. PMID 7963115. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  16. Olsen SL, Gilbert EM, Renlund DG, Taylor DO, Yanowitz FD, Bristow MR (1995). "Carvedilol improves left ventricular function and symptoms in chronic heart failure: a double-blind randomized study". Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 25 (6): 1225–31. doi:10.1016/0735-1097(95)00012-S. PMID 7722114. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  17. Krum H, Sackner-Bernstein JD, Goldsmith RL, Kukin ML, Schwartz B, Penn J, Medina N, Yushak M, Horn E, Katz SD (1995). "Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the long-term efficacy of carvedilol in patients with severe chronic heart failure". Circulation. 92 (6): 1499–506. PMID 7664433. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  18. Waagstein F, Bristow MR, Swedberg K, Camerini F, Fowler MB, Silver MA, Gilbert EM, Johnson MR, Goss FG, Hjalmarson A (1993). "Beneficial effects of metoprolol in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Metoprolol in Dilated Cardiomyopathy (MDC) Trial Study Group". Lancet. 342 (8885): 1441–6. PMID 7902479. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  19. "A randomized trial of beta-blockade in heart failure. The Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study (CIBIS). CIBIS Investigators and Committees". Circulation. 90 (4): 1765–73. 1994. PMID 7923660. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  20. Packer M, Colucci WS, Sackner-Bernstein JD, Liang CS, Goldscher DA, Freeman I, Kukin ML, Kinhal V, Udelson JE, Klapholz M, Gottlieb SS, Pearle D, Cody RJ, Gregory JJ, Kantrowitz NE, LeJemtel TH, Young ST, Lukas MA, Shusterman NH (1996). "Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effects of carvedilol in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. The PRECISE Trial. Prospective Randomized Evaluation of Carvedilol on Symptoms and Exercise". Circulation. 94 (11): 2793–9. PMID 8941104. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  21. Colucci WS, Packer M, Bristow MR, Gilbert EM, Cohn JN, Fowler MB, Krueger SK, Hershberger R, Uretsky BF, Bowers JA, Sackner-Bernstein JD, Young ST, Holcslaw TL, Lukas MA (1996). "Carvedilol inhibits clinical progression in patients with mild symptoms of heart failure. US Carvedilol Heart Failure Study Group". Circulation. 94 (11): 2800–6. PMID 8941105. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  22. "Randomised, placebo-controlled trial of carvedilol in patients with congestive heart failure due to ischaemic heart disease. Australia/New Zealand Heart Failure Research Collaborative Group". Lancet. 349 (9049): 375–80. 1997. PMID 9033462. Retrieved 2012-04-05. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)



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