Restrictive cardiomyopathy

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Articles on Restrictive cardiomyopathy in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ

Media

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Evidence Based Medicine

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Clinical Trials

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Guidelines / Policies / Govt

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Commentary

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Definitions

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Patient Resources / Community

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Symptoms of Restrictive cardiomyopathy

Causes & Risk Factors for Restrictive cardiomyopathy

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Treatment of Restrictive cardiomyopathy

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

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Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Restrictive cardiomyopathy

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Synonyms and Keywords: Infiltrative cardiomyopathy; RCM

Overview

Restrictive cardiomyopathy is the least common cardiomyopathy. It is called this because it restricts the heart from stretching and filling with blood properly. Rhythmicity and contractility of the heart may be normal, but the stiff walls of the heart chambers (atria and ventricles) keep them from adequately filling. So blood flow is reduced, and blood that would normally enter the heart is backed up in the circulatory system. In time, restrictive cardiomyopathy patients develop heart failure.

Causes

Life Threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated. There are no known life threatening causes of restrictive cardiomyopathy that may result in death within 24 hours if not treated.

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Amyloidosis, carcinoid heart disease, cardiac amyloidosis, endocardial fibroelastosis, endomyocardial fibrosis, heart transplant, hemochromatosis, Hurler syndrome, Noonan's syndrome
Chemical/Poisoning Mercurial agents
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic Scleroderma, systemic sclerosis
Drug Side Effect Anthracyclines, busulfan, chemotherapy, drugs, ergotamine, hydroxychloroquine, methysergide, serotonin
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine Amyloidosis, carcinoid syndrome, carcinoid tumors, diabetes mellitus, carcinoid heart disease, hemochromatosis
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Alpha-L-iduronidase deficiency, glycogen storage disease, hemochromatosis, Hurler syndrome, sarcoidosis, carcinoid heart disease, carcinoid syndrome, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis
Genetic Alpha-L-iduronidase deficiency, Anderson-Fabry disease, cystinosis, desminopathy, Fabry's disease, familial, Gaucher's disease, hemochromatosis, Hurler syndrome, mucopolysaccharidosis, Noonan's syndrome, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, sarcomeric protein mutations, Werner's syndrome
Hematologic Carcinoid heart disease, carcinoid syndrome, carcinoid tumors, Gaucher's disease, hemochromatosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome
Iatrogenic Postirradiation fibrosis, radiation
Infectious Disease Loeffler's syndrome
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Hemochromatosis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional/Metabolic Alpha-L-iduronidase deficiency, amyloidosis, Anderson-Fabry disease, cystinosis, Fabry's disease, fatty infiltration, Gaucher's disease, generalized gangliosidosis GM1, glycogen storage disease, Hurler syndrome, I-cell disease, mucolipidosis II alpha/beta, mucopolysaccharidosis
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Carcinoid heart disease, carcinoid syndrome, carcinoid tumors, hypereosinophilic syndrome, lymphoma, malignancy, metastatic cancers, paraneoplastic syndrome
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric Hurler syndrome
Pulmonary Churg-Strauss syndrome, Loeffler's syndrome, sarcoidosis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis
Renal/Electrolyte Scleroderma, systemic sclerosis
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Amyloidosis, cardiac amyloidosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, Loeffler's syndrome, paraneoplastic syndrome, reactive arthritis, sarcoidosis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma No underlying causes
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Idiopathic

Causes in Alphabetical Order

Diagnosis

Electrocardiogram

Shown below is an example of restrictive cardiomyopathy with low voltage and flipped anterior T waves.

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy.jpg

References



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