KCNQ4

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 4 also known as voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kv7.4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNQ4 gene.[1][2][3]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene forms a potassium channel that is thought to play a critical role in the regulation of neuronal excitability, particularly in sensory cells of the cochlea. The encoded protein can form a homomultimeric potassium channel or possibly a heteromultimeric channel in association with the protein encoded by the KCNQ3 gene.[3]

Clinical significance

The current generated by this channel is inhibited by muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1 and activated by retigabine, a novel anti-convulsant drug. Defects in this gene are a cause of nonsyndromic sensorineural deafness type 2 (DFNA2), an autosomal dominant form of progressive hearing loss. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[3]

Ligands

  • ML213: KCNQ2/Q4 channel opener.[4]

See also

References

  1. Kubisch C, Schroeder BC, Friedrich T, Lutjohann B, El-Amraoui A, Marlin S, Petit C, Jentsch TJ (Mar 1999). "KCNQ4, a novel potassium channel expressed in sensory outer hair cells, is mutated in dominant deafness". Cell. 96 (3): 437–46. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80556-5. PMID 10025409.
  2. Gutman GA, Chandy KG, Grissmer S, Lazdunski M, McKinnon D, Pardo LA, Robertson GA, Rudy B, Sanguinetti MC, Stuhmer W, Wang X (Dec 2005). "International Union of Pharmacology. LIII. Nomenclature and molecular relationships of voltage-gated potassium channels". Pharmacol Rev. 57 (4): 473–508. doi:10.1124/pr.57.4.10. PMID 16382104.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Entrez Gene: KCNQ4 potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 4".
  4. Yu H, Wu M, Townsend SD, et al. (2011). "Discovery, Synthesis, and Structure Activity Relationship of a Series of N-Aryl- bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxamides: Characterization of ML213 as a Novel KCNQ2 and KCNQ4 Potassium Channel Opener". ACS Chem Neurosci. 2 (10): 572–577. doi:10.1021/cn200065b. PMC 3223964. PMID 22125664.

Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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