ZEB1

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZEB1 gene.[1][2][3]

ZEB1 (previously known as TCF8) encodes a zinc finger and homeodomain transcription factor that represses T-lymphocyte-specific IL2 gene expression by binding to a negative regulatory domain 100 nucleotides 5-prime of the IL2 transcription start site.[3][4] ZEB1 and its mammalian paralog ZEB2 belongs to the Zeb family within the ZF (zinc finger) class of homeodomain transcription factors. ZEB1 protein has 7 zinc fingers and 1 homeodomain.[5] The structure of the homeodomain shown on the right.

Clinical significance

Mutations of the gene are linked to posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy 3. A recent study suggested its contributing role in lung cancer invasiveness and metastasis development.[6]

References

  1. Williams TM, Montoya G, Wu Y, Eddy RL, Byers MG, Shows TB (September 1992). "The TCF8 gene encoding a zinc finger protein (Nil-2-a) resides on human chromosome 10p11.2". Genomics. 14 (1): 194–6. doi:10.1016/S0888-7543(05)80307-6. PMID 1427828.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Williams TM, Moolten D, Burlein J, Romano J, Bhaerman R, Godillot A, Mellon M, Rauscher FJ, Kant JA (December 1991). "Identification of a zinc finger protein that inhibits IL-2 gene expression". Science. 254 (5039): 1791–4. doi:10.1126/science.1840704. PMID 1840704.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: ZEB1 zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Williams TM, Moolten D, Burlein J, Romano J, Bhaerman R, Godillot A, Mellon M, Rauscher FJ, Kant JA (December 1991). "Identification of a zinc finger protein that inhibits IL-2 gene expression". Science. 254 (5039): 1791–4. doi:10.1126/science.1840704. PMID 1840704.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Bürglin TR, Affolter M (July 2016). "Homeodomain proteins: an update". Chromosoma. 125 (3): 497–521. doi:10.1007/s00412-015-0543-8. PMC 4901127. PMID 26464018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Liu W, Huang YJ, Liu C, Yang YY, Liu H, Cui JG, Cheng Y, Gao F, Cai JM, Li BL (April 2014). "Inhibition of TBK1 attenuates radiation-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition of A549 human lung cancer cells via activation of GSK-3β and repression of ZEB1". Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology. 94 (4): 362–70. doi:10.1038/labinvest.2013.153. PMID 24468793.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

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External links