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WikiDoc Resources for Pulmonology


Most recent articles on Pulmonology

Most cited articles on Pulmonology

Review articles on Pulmonology

Articles on Pulmonology in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Pulmonology

Images of Pulmonology

Photos of Pulmonology

Podcasts & MP3s on Pulmonology

Videos on Pulmonology

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Pulmonology

Bandolier on Pulmonology

TRIP on Pulmonology

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Pulmonology at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Pulmonology

Clinical Trials on Pulmonology at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Pulmonology

NICE Guidance on Pulmonology


FDA on Pulmonology

CDC on Pulmonology


Books on Pulmonology


Pulmonology in the news

Be alerted to news on Pulmonology

News trends on Pulmonology


Blogs on Pulmonology


Definitions of Pulmonology

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Pulmonology

Discussion groups on Pulmonology

Patient Handouts on Pulmonology

Directions to Hospitals Treating Pulmonology

Risk calculators and risk factors for Pulmonology

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Pulmonology

Causes & Risk Factors for Pulmonology

Diagnostic studies for Pulmonology

Treatment of Pulmonology

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Pulmonology


Pulmonology en Espanol

Pulmonology en Francais


Pulmonology in the Marketplace

Patents on Pulmonology

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Pulmonology

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In medicine, pulmonology (aka pneumology) is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract. It is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is generally considered a branch of internal medicine, although it is closely related to intensive care medicine when dealing with patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Surgery of the respiratory tract is generally performed by specialists in cardiothoracic surgery (or thoracic surgery). Chest medicine is not a specialty in itself but is an inclusive term which pertains to the treatment of diseases of the chest and contains the fields of pulmonology, thoracic surgery, and intensive care medicine. Pulmonology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases, as well as secondary prevention (tuberculosis). Physicians specializing in this area are called pulmonologists.


In medicine, 50% of all diagnoses can be made by a thorough medical history, and lung diseases are no different. The pulmonologist will conduct a general review and focus on:

Physical diagnostics are as important as in the other fields of medicine.

As many heart diseases can give pulmonary signs, a thorough cardiac investigation is usually included.

Other tools include:


Surgical treatment in generally performed by the (cardio)thoracic surgeon, generally after primary evaluation by a pulmonologist.

Medication is the most important treatment of most diseases of pulmonology, either by inhalation (bronchodilators and steroids) or in oral form (antibiotics, leukotriene antagonists).

Oxygen therapy is often necessary in severe respiratory disease (emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis). When this is insufficient, the patient might require mechanical ventilation.


In the United States, pulmonologists are physicians who, after receiving a medical degree MD or DO, complete residency training in internal medicine (3 years), followed by at least 2 additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology. Most pulmonologists complete 3 years of combined subspecialty fellowship training in pulmonary medicine and critical care medicine.

In the United States, pediatric pulmonologists are physicians who, after receiving a medical degree MD or DO, complete residency training in pediatrics (3 years), followed by at least 3 additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology.

Diseases managed by the pulmonologist

Scientific research

Pulmonologists are involved in both clinical and basic research of the respiratory system, ranging from the anatomy of the bronchial epithelium to the most effective treatment of pulmonary hypertension (a disease notoriously resistant to therapy).


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