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A subspecialty is narrow field within a specialty such as forensic pathology, which is a subspecialty of anatomical pathology.

In medicine subspecialization is particularily common in internal medicine and has grown as medicine has:

  1. become more complex and
  2. it has become clear that a physician's case volume is negatively associated with their complication rate; that is, complications tend decrease as volume of cases goes up.[1][2]


  1. McHenry CR (2002). "Patient volumes and complications in thyroid surgery". The British journal of surgery. 89 (7): 821–3. PMID 12081730. Full Text
  2. Birkmeyer JD, Finlayson EV, Birkmeyer CM (2001). "Volume standards for high-risk surgical procedures: potential benefits of the Leapfrog initiative". Surgery. 130 (3): 415–22. PMID 11562662.

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