Hydrops fetalis

Jump to: navigation, search

For patient information, click here

Hydrops fetalis due to haemolytic disease/isoimmunization
Hydrops fetalis.jpg
Hydrops fetalis
ICD-10 P56
ICD-9 773.3

WikiDoc Resources for Hydrops fetalis

Articles

Most recent articles on Hydrops fetalis

Most cited articles on Hydrops fetalis

Review articles on Hydrops fetalis

Articles on Hydrops fetalis in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ

Media

Powerpoint slides on Hydrops fetalis

Images of Hydrops fetalis

Photos of Hydrops fetalis

Podcasts & MP3s on Hydrops fetalis

Videos on Hydrops fetalis

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Hydrops fetalis

Bandolier on Hydrops fetalis

TRIP on Hydrops fetalis

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Hydrops fetalis at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Hydrops fetalis

Clinical Trials on Hydrops fetalis at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Hydrops fetalis

NICE Guidance on Hydrops fetalis

NHS PRODIGY Guidance

FDA on Hydrops fetalis

CDC on Hydrops fetalis

Books

Books on Hydrops fetalis

News

Hydrops fetalis in the news

Be alerted to news on Hydrops fetalis

News trends on Hydrops fetalis

Commentary

Blogs on Hydrops fetalis

Definitions

Definitions of Hydrops fetalis

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Hydrops fetalis

Discussion groups on Hydrops fetalis

Patient Handouts on Hydrops fetalis

Directions to Hospitals Treating Hydrops fetalis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Hydrops fetalis

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Hydrops fetalis

Causes & Risk Factors for Hydrops fetalis

Diagnostic studies for Hydrops fetalis

Treatment of Hydrops fetalis

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Hydrops fetalis

International

Hydrops fetalis en Espanol

Hydrops fetalis en Francais

Business

Hydrops fetalis in the Marketplace

Patents on Hydrops fetalis

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Hydrops fetalis

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Hydrops fetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least two fetal compartments, including the subcutaneous tissue, pleura, pericardium, or in the abdomen, which is also known as ascites. The edema is usually seen in the fetal subcutaneous tissue, sometimes leading to spontaneous abortion. It is a prenatal form of heart failure, in which the heart is unable to satisfy demand for an unusually high amount of blood flow. An atrial flutter can also develop in this heart failure.

Classification and causes

Hydrops fetalis usually stems from fetal anemia, when the heart needs to pump a much greater volume of blood to deliver the same amount of oxygen. This anemia can have either an immune or non-immune cause. Non-immune hydrops can also be unrelated to anemia, for example if a tumor or congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation increases the demand for blood flow.

Immune causes
Rh disease is the major cause for immune mediated hydrops fetalis; however, owing to preventative methods developed in the 1970s Rh disease has markedly declined. Rh disease can be prevented by administration of anti-D IgG (Rho(D) Immune Globulin) injections to RhD-negative mothers during pregnancy and/or within 72 hours of the delivery.

Non-Immune causes
The non-immune form of hydrops fetalis has many causes including:

Diagnosis

Hydrops fetalis can be diagnosed and monitored by ultrasound scans.

Treatment

The treatment depends on the cause.

Severely anemic fetuses can be treated with blood transfusions while still in the womb.

See also

de:Hydrops fetalis


Linked-in.jpg