Epididymoorchitis causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dima Nimri, M.D. [2]

Overview

The causes of epididymoorchitis can be divided into idiopathic, infectious and non-infectious causes.[1][2]

Causes

The causes of epididymoorchitis can be divided into idiopathic, infectious and non-infectious causes:[1][2]

Infectious
Common Pathogens Less Common Pathogens
Sexually transmitted Neisseria gonorrhea

Chlamydia trachomatis

Ureaplasma urealyticum

Mycoplasma genitalium

Associated with a UTI/bacteriuria E. Coli

Proteus spp.

Klebsiella

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Hemophilus influenza type b

Salmonella spp.

Staphylococci

Streptococci

Others Bacterial:

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Brucella spp.

Nocardia asteroides

Viral:

Mumps

Mumps vaccine

Cytomegalovirus (in HIV patients)

Fungal:

Blastomyces dermatitidis

Histoplasma capsulatum

Coccidiodes immitis

Candida albicans

Candida glabrata

Parasitic:

Schistosoma haematobium

Wuchereria bancrofti (flilariasis)

Noninfectious
  1. Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP)
  2. Behcet's disease
  3. Polyarteritis Nodosa
Idiopathic -

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Luzzi GA, O'Brien TS (2001). "Acute epididymitis". BJU Int. 87 (8): 747–55. PMID 11350430.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tracy CR, Steers WD, Costabile R (2008). "Diagnosis and management of epididymitis". Urol. Clin. North Am. 35 (1): 101–8, vii. doi:10.1016/j.ucl.2007.09.013. PMID 18061028.

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