Epididymoorchitis ultrasound

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dima Nimri, M.D. [2]

Overview

A color Doppler ultrasound is mainly done to rule out testicular torsion[1] and is the diagnostic imaging of choice in evaluating cases of acute scrotum.[2] Epididymoorchitis might show a thickened epididymis with normal to increased Doppler wave pulsations, consistent with a normal to increased blood flow

Ultrasound

A color Doppler ultrasound is mainly done to rule out testicular torsion[1] and is the diagnostic imaging of choice in evaluating cases of acute scrotum.[2] While this test is of high accuracy and testicular torsion cannot be ruled out based on the history and physical examination findings alone, some cases of testicular torsion can be missed on a Doppler ultrasound.[3] A color Doppler ultrasound is used to asses perfusion of the testicles, as well as evaluate the anatomy of the scrotal contents:[4]

If there is a high index of suspicion for testicular torsion, surgical exploration and intervention should not be delayed for sonography.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tracy CR, Steers WD, Costabile R (2008). "Diagnosis and management of epididymitis". Urol. Clin. North Am. 35 (1): 101–8, vii. doi:10.1016/j.ucl.2007.09.013. PMID 18061028.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Luzzi GA, O'Brien TS (2001). "Acute epididymitis". BJU Int. 87 (8): 747–55. PMID 11350430.
  3. Kadish HA, Bolte RG (1998). "A retrospective review of pediatric patients with epididymitis, testicular torsion, and torsion of testicular appendages". Pediatrics. 102 (1 Pt 1): 73–6. PMID 9651416.
  4. Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D (2009). "Epididymitis and orchitis: an overview". Am Fam Physician. 79 (7): 583–7. PMID 19378875.
  5. Ludwig M (2008). "Diagnosis and therapy of acute prostatitis, epididymitis and orchitis". Andrologia. 40 (2): 76–80. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0272.2007.00823.x. PMID 18336454.

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