Epididymoorchitis historical perspective

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dima Nimri, M.D. [2]

Overview

Cases of epididymoorchitis were described in literature as early as 1841.[1]It was believed that epididymitis was caused by chemical irritation caused by urine reflux. However, by 1979, a study showed that bacteria were responsible for more cases. [2]

Historical Perspective

  • Cases of epididymoorchitis were described in literature as early as 1841.[1]
  • In 1841, A. J. Taylor described the effects of compression (i.e., applying pressure on the testicles) in the treatment of epididymitis.[1] In 1847, Wills GF suggests the same modality of treatment for orchitis.[3]
  • In 1906, Francis R. Hagner described operative treatment of acute epididymitis caused by N. gonorrhea.[4]
  • It was believed that epididymitis was caused by chemical irritation caused by urine reflux. However, by 1979, a study showed that bacteria were responsible for more cases. [2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Taylor AJ (1841). "On the utility of compression in epididymitis: With cases". Prov Med Surg J (1840). 3 (53): 8–10. PMC 2489278. PMID 21379715.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D (2009). "Epididymitis and orchitis: an overview". Am Fam Physician. 79 (7): 583–7. PMID 19378875.
  3. Wills GF (1847). "Observations on the Treatment of Orchitis by Compression". Prov Med Surg J. 11 (6): 148–51. PMC 2487178. PMID 20794182.
  4. Hagner FR (1908). "X. A Further Report of the Operative Treatment of Acute Gonorrhoeal Epididymitis". Ann. Surg. 48 (6): 876–82. PMC 1407051. PMID 17862275.

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