Epididymoorchitis classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dima Nimri, M.D. [2]

Overview

Epididymoorchitis can be classified based on the extent of involvement into isolated cases of epididymitis, isolated cases of orchitis or cases of epididymoorchitis. Another means of classifying the disease is based on duration into acute or chronic epididymoorchitis. Finally, it can also be classified according to the causative agent into infectious, non-infectious and idiopathic causes.[1][2]

Classification

Epididymoorchitis can be classified based on the extent of involvement, duration or cause of the disease.[1][2]

Extent of Involvement

  • Epididymitis
  • Orchitis
  • Epididymoorchitis

Based on Duration

Epididymoorchitis can be divided into acute and chronic epididymoorchitis based on duration of the illness:

  • Acute epididymoorchitis: are cases lasting less than 6 weeks in duration
  • Chronic epididymoorchitis: are cases lasting more than 3 months in duration

Based on Cause

There are several etiological factors to epididymoorchitis and these include:

For more on the causative agents of epididymoorchitis, click here

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D (2009). "Epididymitis and orchitis: an overview". Am Fam Physician. 79 (7): 583–7. PMID 19378875.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tracy CR, Steers WD, Costabile R (2008). "Diagnosis and management of epididymitis". Urol. Clin. North Am. 35 (1): 101–8, vii. doi:10.1016/j.ucl.2007.09.013. PMID 18061028.

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