Chronic diarrhea risk factors
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Chronic diarrhea Microchapters
Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Omodamola Aje B.Sc, M.D. 
The risk factors of chronic diarrhea can be assessed based on the epidemiologic associations and the patient's characteristics. Some of these factors can be classified based on travel history, epidemics and outbreaks, diabetic patients, patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and whether the patients are institutionalized or hospitalized.
The risk factors for chronic diarrhea include
- Bacterial infection (mostly acute)
- Protozoal infections (eg, amebiasis, giardiasis)
- Tropical sprue
- Mutations in certain genes are associated with chronic diarrhea in inflammatory bowel diseases.
- Epidemics and outbreaks
- Bacterial infection
- Epidemic idiopathic secretory diarrhea (eg, Brainerd diarrhea)
- Protozoal infection (eg, cryptosporidiosis)
- Viral infection (eg, rotavirus)
- Diabetic patients
- Altered motility (increased or decreased)
- Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency
- Small Intestinal Bowel Obstruction
- Drugs (especially acarbose, metformin)
- Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- Institutionalized and hospitalized patients
- Clostridium difficile infection
- Fecal impaction with overflow diarrhea
- Ischemic colitis
- Parenteral nutrition
- ↑ Schiller LR, Pardi DS, Spiller R, Semrad CE, Surawicz CM, Giannella RA; et al. (2014). "Gastro 2013 APDW/WCOG Shanghai working party report: chronic diarrhea: definition, classification, diagnosis". J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 29 (1): 6–25. doi:10.1111/jgh.12392. PMID 24117999.
- ↑ Duplessis, Christopher A.; Gutierrez, Ramiro L.; Porter, Chad K. (2017). "Review: chronic and persistent diarrhea with a focus in the returning traveler". Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines. 3 (1). doi:10.1186/s40794-017-0052-2. ISSN 2055-0936.