Arylsulfatase A

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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
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Arylsulfatase A (or cerebroside-sulfatase) is an enzyme that breaks down sulfatides, namely cerebroside 3-sulfate into cerebroside and sulfate. In humans, arylsulfatase A is encoded by the ARSA gene.[1][2]

Pathology

A deficiency is associated with metachromatic leukodystrophy, an autosomal recessive disease.[3]

Biochemistry

Enzyme regulation

Arylsulfatase A is inhibited by phosphate, which forms a covalent bond with the active site 3-oxoalanine.[4]

References

  1. Stein C, Gieselmann V, Kreysing J, Schmidt B, Pohlmann R, Waheed A, Meyer HE, O'Brien JS, von Figura K (January 1989). "Cloning and expression of human arylsulfatase A". J. Biol. Chem. 264 (2): 1252–9. PMID 2562955.
  2. Matzner U, Herbst E, Hedayati KK, Lüllmann-Rauch R, Wessig C, Schröder S, Eistrup C, Möller C, Fogh J, Gieselmann V (May 2005). "Enzyme replacement improves nervous system pathology and function in a mouse model for metachromatic leukodystrophy". Hum. Mol. Genet. 14 (9): 1139–52. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddi126. PMID 15772092.
  3. Sevin C, Aubourg P, Cartier N (April 2007). "Enzyme, cell and gene-based therapies for metachromatic leukodystrophy". J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 30 (2): 175–83. doi:10.1007/s10545-007-0540-z. PMID 17347913.
  4. "Arylsulfatase A / ARSA". Sino Biological. Retrieved 12 September 2014.

Further reading

External links



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