Addison's disease historical perspective

Jump to: navigation, search

Addison's disease Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Addison's disease from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

X Ray

CT

MRI

Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Addison's disease historical perspective On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Addison's disease historical perspective

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Addison's disease historical perspective

CDC on Addison's disease historical perspective

Addison's disease historical perspective in the news

Blogs on Addison's disease historical perspective

Directions to Hospitals Treating Addison's disease

Risk calculators and risk factors for Addison's disease historical perspective

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Ganti M.B.B.S. [2]

Overview

Addison's disease is named after Dr. Thomas Addison, a British physician who first described the condition in his paper "On the Constitutional and Local Effects of Disease of the Suprarenal Capsules" in 1855.[1][2]

Historical perspective

  • In 1563, Bartholomeus Eustachius, an anatomy professor at the Collegio della Sapienza in Rome was the first to give a description of the adrenal glands in his publication "glandulae renibus incumbentes".
  • In 1586, Piccolomini was the first to name the glands as suprarenals.
  • In 1651, Highmore was the first to suggest that the suprarenals act to absorb exudates from the large vessels.
  • In 1656, Thomas Wharton was the first to describe the concept of the neuroendocrine function of the adrenal medulla.
  • In 1805, Cuvier was the first to give a detailed description of medulla and cortex of adrenal glands.
  • In 1852, Albert von Kölliker was the first to give a detailed microscopic description of the adrenal glands.
  • In 1855, Thomas Addison was the first to identify and name Addison's disease in his paper "On the Constitutional and Local Effects of Disease of the Suprarenal Capsules".
  • In 1856, Charles Brown-Séquard provided experimental proof of the vital role of the adrenals by performing adrenalectomies (the removal of adrenals) from several animal species.

References

  1. Thomas Addison. On The Constitutional And Local Effects Of Disease Of The Supra-Renal Capsules (HTML reprint). London: Samuel Highley.
  2. Ten S, New M, Maclaren N (2001). "Clinical review 130: Addison's disease 2001". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 86 (7): 2909–22. PMID 11443143.



Linked-in.jpg