Addison's disease history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Ganti M.B.B.S. [2]

Overview

Addison's disease often has an insidious onset. In many cases, the disease is only recognized when the patient presents with an acute crisis precipitated by a stressful illness or situation. Acute adrenal insufficiency should be considered in patients presenting with abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, hypotension, and fever. A detailed and thorough history is necessary. Specific areas of focus when obtaining a history from the patient of Addison's disease include recent changes in diet, any signs of postural hypotension and history of cancer or other autoimmune diseases, tuberculosis or any exposure to anyone who has been diagnosed with tuberculosis.

History

A detailed and thorough history from the patient is necessary. Specific areas of focus when obtaining a history from the patient of Addison's disease include:[1]

Symptoms

Addison's disease often has an insidious onset. In many cases the disease is only recognized when the patient presents with an acute crisis precipitated by a stressful illness. Acute adrenal insufficiency should be considered in patients presenting with abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, hypotension and fever.[2][3]

Common Symptoms

Symptoms of Addisonian crisis

Symptoms of Addisonian crisis include:

References

  1. Quinkler M (2012). "[Addison's disease]". Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed (in German). 107 (6): 454–9. doi:10.1007/s00063-012-0112-3. PMID 22907517.
  2. Sarkar SB, Sarkar S, Ghosh S, Bandyopadhyay S (2012). "Addison's disease". Contemp Clin Dent. 3 (4): 484–6. doi:10.4103/0976-237X.107450. PMC 3636818. PMID 23633816.
  3. Arlt W, Allolio B (2003). "Adrenal insufficiency". Lancet. 361 (9372): 1881–93. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13492-7. PMID 12788587.



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