Sudden infant death syndrome epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vamsikrishna Gunnam M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is one of the major cause of death in infants especially whose age range between one month to one year in United States of America. The incidence of SIDS is low but it is higher in some ethnic groups in America.

Epidemiology and Demographics

Incidence

Prevalence

Mortality rate

Age

Race

Gender

Developed Countries and Developing Countries

  • Countries like Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and United States who implemented Back to Sleep program which means encouraging non-prone sleeping positions decreased the incidence of SIDS.
  • In United States the incidence of SIDS decreased dramatically after the implementation of American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strategy of placing the infant in in a supine position for sleep.[11][12][13]

References

  1. Getahun D, Amre D, Rhoads GG, Demissie K (2004). "Maternal and obstetric risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome in the United States". Obstet Gynecol. 103 (4): 646–52. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000117081.50852.04. PMID 15051553.
  2. Beal SM, Blundell HK (1988). "Recurrence incidence of sudden infant death syndrome". Arch Dis Child. 63 (8): 924–30. doi:10.1136/adc.63.8.924. PMC 1778968. PMID 3415329.
  3. Fleming P, Blair PS (2007). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and parental smoking". Early Hum Dev. 83 (11): 721–5. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2007.07.011. PMID 17881163.
  4. Mathews TJ, Menacker F, MacDorman MF (2003). "Infant mortality statistics from the 2001 period linked birth/infant death data set". Natl Vital Stat Rep. 52 (2): 1–28. PMID 14518553.
  5. Mathews TJ, Menacker F, MacDorman MF, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2004). "Infant mortality statistics from the 2002 period: linked birth/infant death data set". Natl Vital Stat Rep. 53 (10): 1–29. PMID 15622996.
  6. Mathews TJ, Menacker F, MacDorman MF (2002). "Infant mortality statistics from the 2000 period linked birth/infant death data set". Natl Vital Stat Rep. 50 (12): 1–28. PMID 12224408.
  7. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF (2006). "Infant mortality statistics from the 2003 period linked birth/infant death data set". Natl Vital Stat Rep. 54 (16): 1–29. PMID 16711376.
  8. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF (2007). "Infant mortality statistics from the 2004 period linked birth/infant death data set". Natl Vital Stat Rep. 55 (14): 1–32. PMID 17569269.
  9. Mathews TJ, Menacker F, MacDorman MF, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2004). "Infant mortality statistics from the 2002 period: linked birth/infant death data set". Natl Vital Stat Rep. 53 (10): 1–29. PMID 15622996.
  10. Platt MJ, Pharoah PO (2003). "The epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome". Arch Dis Child. 88 (1): 27–9. doi:10.1136/adc.88.1.27. PMC 1719293. PMID 12495955.
  11. Willinger M, Hoffman HJ, Hartford RB (1994). "Infant sleep position and risk for sudden infant death syndrome: report of meeting held January 13 and 14, 1994, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD". Pediatrics. 93 (5): 814–9. PMID 8165085.
  12. "American Academy of Pediatrics AAP Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS: Positioning and SIDS". Pediatrics. 89 (6 Pt 1): 1120–6. 1992. PMID 1503575.
  13. "Positioning and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): update. American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS". Pediatrics. 98 (6 Pt 1): 1216–8. 1996. PMID 8951285.

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