Sudden infant death syndrome classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vamsikrishna Gunnam M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

There is no established system for the classification of Sudden infant death syndrome. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a rare syndrome which follows autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance and have mutations in SCN5A gene and other genes but is not clear.

Classification

There is no established system for the classification of Sudden infant death syndrome.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Phenotype Gene involved Location Inheritance pattern
Sudden infant death syndrome SCN5A

SCN4A

KCNQ1

KCNH2

RYR2

3p22.2 Autosomal recessive

References

  1. Wang DW, Desai RR, Crotti L, Arnestad M, Insolia R, Pedrazzini M; et al. (2007). "Cardiac sodium channel dysfunction in sudden infant death syndrome". Circulation. 115 (3): 368–76. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.646513. PMID 17210841.
  2. Arnestad M, Crotti L, Rognum TO, Insolia R, Pedrazzini M, Ferrandi C; et al. (2007). "Prevalence of long-QT syndrome gene variants in sudden infant death syndrome". Circulation. 115 (3): 361–7. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.658021. PMID 17210839.
  3. Van Norstrand DW, Valdivia CR, Tester DJ, Ueda K, London B, Makielski JC; et al. (2007). "Molecular and functional characterization of novel glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 like gene (GPD1-L) mutations in sudden infant death syndrome". Circulation. 116 (20): 2253–9. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.704627. PMC 3332545. PMID 17967976.
  4. Tan BH, Pundi KN, Van Norstrand DW, Valdivia CR, Tester DJ, Medeiros-Domingo A; et al. (2010). "Sudden infant death syndrome-associated mutations in the sodium channel beta subunits". Heart Rhythm. 7 (6): 771–8. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.01.032. PMC 2909680. PMID 20226894.
  5. Otagiri T, Kijima K, Osawa M, Ishii K, Makita N, Matoba R; et al. (2008). "Cardiac ion channel gene mutations in sudden infant death syndrome". Pediatr Res. 64 (5): 482–7. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181841eca. PMID 18596570.
  6. Tester DJ, Tan BH, Medeiros-Domingo A, Song C, Makielski JC, Ackerman MJ (2011). "Loss-of-function mutations in the KCNJ8-encoded Kir6.1 K(ATP) channel and sudden infant death syndrome". Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 4 (5): 510–5. doi:10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.111.960195. PMC 3281577. PMID 21836131.
  7. Tester DJ, Wong LCH, Chanana P, Jaye A, Evans JM, FitzPatrick DR; et al. (2018). "Cardiac Genetic Predisposition in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome". J Am Coll Cardiol. 71 (11): 1217–1227. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2018.01.030. PMID 29544605.

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