Small intestine cancer MRI

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Qurrat-ul-ain Abid, M.D.[2], Parminder Dhingra, M.D. [3]

Overview

MRI and MR enteroscopy are other high definition imaging modalities that localize tumor, its boundaries, dimensions in small intestine. They are very helpful in staging the tumor.

MRI

  • MRI and MRI enteroscopy are other advance modalities to diagnose and stage small intestinal cancers.[1]
  • MR enteroclysis may help distinguish between benign and malignant neoplasms.[2]
  • It may localize small intestine tumors very well and it is very useful for tumor staging.
  • MR enteroclysis may also help in surgical planning, to define boundaries and extent of tumor that may not be assessed by histological evaluation, particularly if laparoscopy is considered.[3]

References

  1. Anzidei M, Napoli A, Zini C, Kirchin MA, Catalano C, Passariello R (August 2011). "Malignant tumours of the small intestine: a review of histopathology, multidetector CT and MRI aspects". Br J Radiol. 84 (1004): 677–90. doi:10.1259/bjr/20673379. PMC 3473441. PMID 21586504.
  2. Van Weyenberg SJ, Meijerink MR, Jacobs MA, Van der Peet DL, Van Kuijk C, Mulder CJ, Van Waesberghe JH (March 2010). "MR enteroclysis in the diagnosis of small-bowel neoplasms". Radiology. 254 (3): 765–73. doi:10.1148/radiol.09090828. PMID 20177091.
  3. Pappalardo G, Gualdi G, Nunziale A, Masselli G, Floriani I, Casciani E (June 2013). "Impact of magnetic resonance in the preoperative staging and the surgical planning for treating small bowel neoplasms". Surg. Today. 43 (6): 613–9. doi:10.1007/s00595-012-0270-1. PMID 22843117.

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