Sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors history and symptoms

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Sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief:  ; Maneesha Nandimandalam, M.B.B.S.[2]


The most common symptoms of sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors include adnexal mass, bloating, urinary urgency or frequency, dysphagia(difficulty eating) or feeling full quickly, pelvic or abdominal pain. Less common symptoms of sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors include lymphadenopathy, postmenopausal bleeding, typical features of bowel obstruction like nausea, vomiting, and distention. Specific symptoms pertinent to sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors include hirsutism(excessive hairgrowth), virilization, menstrual changes like abnormal uterine bleeding, precocious puberty in children.

History and Symptoms

Common Symptoms/presentations

less common symptoms/presentations

Acute presentations

They can manifest themselves as bowel obstruction, pleural effusion and even venous thromboembolism

Symptoms specific to sexcord-stromal tumors


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  7. Goff B (March 2012). "Symptoms associated with ovarian cancer". Clin Obstet Gynecol. 55 (1): 36–42. doi:10.1097/GRF.0b013e3182480523. PMID 22343227.
  8. Webb PM, Purdie DM, Grover S, Jordan S, Dick ML, Green AC (January 2004). "Symptoms and diagnosis of borderline, early and advanced epithelial ovarian cancer". Gynecol. Oncol. 92 (1): 232–9. PMID 14751164.
  9. Schultz KA, Harris AK, Schneider DT, Young RH, Brown J, Gershenson DM, Dehner LP, Hill DA, Messinger YH, Frazier AL (October 2016). "Ovarian Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors". J Oncol Pract. 12 (10): 940–946. doi:10.1200/JOP.2016.016261. PMC 5063189. PMID 27858560.
  10. Horta M, Cunha TM (2015). "Sex cord-stromal tumors of the ovary: a comprehensive review and update for radiologists". Diagn Interv Radiol. 21 (4): 277–86. doi:10.5152/dir.2015.34414. PMC 4498422. PMID 26054417.
  11. Varras M, Vasilakaki T, Skafida E, Akrivis C (June 2011). "Clinical, ultrasonographic, computed tomography and histopathological manifestations of ovarian steroid cell tumour, not otherwise specified: our experience of a rare case with female virilisation and review of the literature". Gynecol. Endocrinol. 27 (6): 412–8. doi:10.3109/09513590.2010.495432. PMID 20586551.
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