Sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors (patient information)
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Ovaries are reproductive glands only in women. Its functions are to produce ova for reproduction and maintain the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors doesn't have any early symptoms. With the development of the cancer, frequent symptoms include heavy feeling in pelvis, pain in lower abdomen, bleeding from the vagina, weight loss and abnormal periods. Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination of them.
What are the Symptoms sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors?
Other health problems may also cause these symptoms. Only a doctor can tell for sure. A person with any of these symptoms should tell the doctor so that the problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.
What Causes sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors?
Who is at Highest Risk?
Clinical data has suggested that the development of sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors is related to several factors.
- Some drugs or treatment protocols: Recent studies show that fertility drugs, androgens and estrogen replacement therapy may increase the risk.
- Pregnancy:Increasing age at first term pregnancy.
- Life-style: A rich-fat diet and obesity may increase the risk of getting ovarian cancer.
- Age: Clinical data suggest that age also plays a role in the development of some subtypes of stromal ovarian tumors.
- Preterm birth is risk factor for the developement.
- Ultrasonography: This is an painless test which uses sound waves to create a picture of the internal organs. Because tumors generate different echoes of sound waves than normal tissue, the doctor can locate a mass inside the body.
- Computed tomography (CT) scan and biopsy: CT scans are often used to diagnose ovarian cancer. It can confirm the location of the cancer and show the organs near the ovaries, as well as lymph nodes and distant organs where the cancer might have spread. These are helpful for determining the stage of the cancer and in determining whether surgery is a good treatment option. CT scans can also be used to guide biopsy and abiopsy sample is usually removed and looked at under a microscope.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI uses magnetic fields but it is a different type of image than what is produced by computed tomography (CT) and produces detailed images of the body. Like computed tomography (CT), a contrast agent may be injected into a patient’s vein to create a better picture.
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan: When doing this test, a small amount of a radioactive medium is injected into your body and absorbed by the organs or tissues. This radioactive substance gives off energy which in turn is used to produce the images. PET can provide more helpful information than either CT or MRI scans. It is useful to see if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and it is also useful for your doctor to locate where the cancer has spread.
- Chest x-ray: This plain x-ray of your chest may be done to see if the cancer has spread to your lungs.
- Whole Bone Scan: The goal of a whole body bone scan is to show if a cancer has metastasized to your bones.
When to Seek Urgent Medical Care?
Call your health care provider if symptoms of ovarian cancer develop. If you experience either of the following symptoms, seeking urgent medical care as soon as possible:
- A large amount of bleeding from the vagina
Patients with sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors have many treatment options. The selection depends on the stage of the tumor. The options are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these methods. Before treatment starts, ask your health care team about possible side effects and how treatment may change your normal activities. Because cancer treatments often damage healthy cells and tissues, side effects are common. Side effect may not be the same for each person, and they may change from one treatment session to the next.
- Surgery treatment: If your cancer does not spread and your general health is good, surgery treatment may be the first-selective treatment protocol
- Radiation therapy: This is a cancer treatment to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing by using high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation
- Chemotherapy: The treatment is to use drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing
Where to find Medical Care for (Disease name)?
Although the reasons for the development of ovarian cancer are not clear, epidemic data shows the following intervention may help to reduce your risk of ovarian cancer:
- Oral contraceptives
- Gynecologic surgery
- Genetic counseling, genetic testing may be prevention strategies for women with a family history of ovarian cancer.
What to Expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?
The prognosis of sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors depends on the following: