Sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors (patient information)

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Esophageal stricture

Overview

What are the symptoms?

What are the causes?

Who is at highest risk?

Diagnosis

When to seek urgent medical care?

Treatment options

Where to find medical care for Esophageal stricture?

Prevention

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: ; Maneesha Nandimandalam, M.B.B.S.[2]

Overview

Ovaries are reproductive glands only in women. Its functions are to produce ova for reproduction and maintain the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors doesn't have any early symptoms. With the development of the cancer, frequent symptoms include heavy feeling in pelvis, pain in lower abdomen, bleeding from the vagina, weight loss and abnormal periods. Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination of them.

What are the Symptoms sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors?

Early sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors does not have any symptoms. As the tumor grows larger, people may notice one or more of the following symptoms:

Other health problems may also cause these symptoms. Only a doctor can tell for sure. A person with any of these symptoms should tell the doctor so that the problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

What Causes sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors?

The exact cause of these tumors is unknown. Mutations in FOXL2, DICER1, STK11 are involved

Who is at Highest Risk?

Clinical data has suggested that the development of sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors is related to several factors.

Diagnosis

When to Seek Urgent Medical Care?

Call your health care provider if symptoms of ovarian cancer develop. If you experience either of the following symptoms, seeking urgent medical care as soon as possible:

  • A large amount of bleeding from the vagina

Treatment Options

Patients with sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors have many treatment options. The selection depends on the stage of the tumor. The options are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these methods. Before treatment starts, ask your health care team about possible side effects and how treatment may change your normal activities. Because cancer treatments often damage healthy cells and tissues, side effects are common. Side effect may not be the same for each person, and they may change from one treatment session to the next.

Where to find Medical Care for (Disease name)?

Directions to Hospitals Treating Ovarian cancer

Prevention

Although the reasons for the development of ovarian cancer are not clear, epidemic data shows the following intervention may help to reduce your risk of ovarian cancer:

  • Oral contraceptives
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Genetic counseling, genetic testing may be prevention strategies for women with a family history of ovarian cancer.

What to Expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

The prognosis of sexcord/ stromal ovarian tumors depends on the following:

  • Whether or not the tumor can be removed by surgery
  • The stage of the cancer: the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread outside the ovaries
  • Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred
  • The patient’s general health

Possible Complications

Sources

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000434.htm


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