Respiratory physiology

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List of terms related to Respiratory physiology

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Respiratory physiology is the branch of human physiology focusing upon respiration.

Topics include:

Volumes

Mechanics

Front view of thorax.

Breathing in, or inhaling, is usually an active movement. The contraction of the diaphragm muscles cause a pressure variation, which is equal to the pressures caused by elastic, resistive and inertial components of the respiratory system.

Where Pel equals the product of elastance E (inverse of compliance) and volume of the system V, Pre equals the product of flow resistance R and time derivate of volume V (which is equivalent to the flow), Pin equals the product of inertance I and second time derivate of V. R and I are sometimes referred to as Rohrer's constants.

Circulation, ventilation, and perfusion

Pulmonary circulation

Gas exchange/transport (primarily oxygen and carbon dioxide)

Oxygen-haemoglobin dissociation curve

Control and response

Pons

Disorders

See also

Additional images

Surface tension and lung volume.jpg
Curvon1.jpg
Curvon2.jpg
IPP lungs.jpg


References

External links



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