Polycystic kidney disease causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: M. Khurram Afzal, MD [2], Serge Korjian, Yazan Daaboul


Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an autosomal dominant disorder due to the heterozygous inheritance of PKD1 (chromosome 16) or PKD2 (chromosome 4) gene mutations. Despite the disease being monogenic, phenotype is variable possibly due to a two-hit process, haploinsufficiency, or environmental factors. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is caused by a mutation in the PKHD1 gene.


Genetic Causes


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