Jaundice physical examination

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farnaz Khalighinejad, MD [2]

Overview

Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin and sclerae that is an important symptom of elevated serum bilirubin. Physical examination of patients with jaundice is based on underlying disease, include cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and peripheral edema.

Physical Examination

Jaundice is seen with a number of disorders. Physical examination of patients with jaundice is based on underlying disease.

Appearance of the Patient

Vital Signs

Skin

HEENT

Neck

Lungs

  • Pulmonary examination of patients with jaundice is usually normal.

Heart

  • Cardiac examination of patients with jaundice is usually normal.

Abdomen

Back

  • Back examination of patients with jaundice is usually normal.

Genitourinary

Neurologic

Extremities

References

  1. Li CP, Lee FY, Hwang SJ, Chang FY, Lin HC, Lu RH, Hou MC, Chu CJ, Chan CC, Luo JC, Lee SD (1999). "Spider angiomas in patients with liver cirrhosis: role of alcoholism and impaired liver function". Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 34 (5): 520–3. PMID 10423070.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Schuppan D, Afdhal NH (2008). "Liver cirrhosis". Lancet. 371 (9615): 838–51. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60383-9. PMC 2271178. PMID 18328931.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Rotman Y, Brown TA, Hoofnagle JH (2009). "Evaluation of the patient with hepatitis B". Hepatology. 49 (5 Suppl): S22–7. doi:10.1002/hep.22976. PMC 2881483. PMID 19399815.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Khorana AA, Fine RL (2004). "Pancreatic cancer and thromboembolic disease". Lancet Oncol. 5 (11): 655–63. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(04)01606-7. PMID 15522652.
  5. Li CP, Lee FY, Hwang SJ, Chang FY, Lin HC, Lu RH, Hou MC, Chu CJ, Chan CC, Luo JC, Lee SD (1999). "Spider angiomas in patients with liver cirrhosis: role of alcoholism and impaired liver function". Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 34 (5): 520–3. PMID 10423070.
  6. Fitzgerald JE, White MJ, Lobo DN (2009). "Courvoisier's gallbladder: law or sign?". World J Surg. 33 (4): 886–91. doi:10.1007/s00268-008-9908-y. PMID 19190960.
  7. Galvañ VG (March 1998). "Sister Mary Joseph's nodule". Ann. Intern. Med. 128 (5): 410. PMID 9490607.
  8. Manabe T, Miyashita T, Ohshio G, Nonaka A, Suzuki T, Endo K, Takahashi M, Tobe T (1988). "Small carcinoma of the pancreas. Clinical and pathologic evaluation of 17 patients". Cancer. 62 (1): 135–41. PMID 3164230.
  9. Fitzgerald JE, White MJ, Lobo DN (2009). "Courvoisier's gallbladder: law or sign?". World J Surg. 33 (4): 886–91. doi:10.1007/s00268-008-9908-y. PMID 19190960.
  10. Galvañ VG (1998). "Sister Mary Joseph's nodule". Ann. Intern. Med. 128 (5): 410. PMID 9490607.
  11. Ferenci P (2017). "Hepatic encephalopathy". Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf). 5 (2): 138–147. doi:10.1093/gastro/gox013. PMC 5421503. PMID 28533911.
  12. MUEHRCKE RC (1956). "The finger-nails in chronic hypoalbuminaemia; a new physical sign". Br Med J. 1 (4979): 1327–8. PMC 1980060. PMID 13316143.



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