Jaundice epidemiology and demographics
Jaundice epidemiology and demographics On the Web
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The incidence of jaundice is approximately 40,000 per 100,000 individuals of intensive care unit patients. Neonatal jaundice is more common among Asian and mixed Asian/white infants than white infants. Hepatocellular jaundice mainly from viral hepatitis commonly affects young patients. Cholestatic jaundice mainly from liver cancer, hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis commonly affects older patients. Male are more commonly affected by hepatocellular jaundice and liver cancer than female. Female are more commonly affected by hemolytic jaundice mainly from cholangiocarcinoma than male.
Epidemiology and Demographics
- The incidence of jaundice is approximately 40,000 per 100,000 individuals of intensive care unit patients.
- In 2015, the prevalence of cirrhosis was approximately 270 per 100,000 individuals in the United States.
- Currently, approximately seventy percent of cirrhotic individuals are unaware of having liver disease and go undiagnosed.
- The prevalence of cirrhosis is higher in areas with high illiteracy rates.
- Chronic and heavy alcohol use is responsible for more than half of the cases of cirrhosis in the United States.
- The 10 year-mortality rate of cirrhosis is approximately 34- 66 percent, largely dependent on the cause of cirrhosis.
- In 2001, cirrhosis was the tenth leading cause of death among men and the twelfth leading cause of death among women in the United States.
- In 2006, cirrhosis was the twelfth leading cause of overall deaths in United States.
- Neonatal jaundice is more common among Asian and mixed Asian/white infants compared to white infants..
- The prevalence of cirrhosis is higher in:
- Non-Hispanic blacks
- Mexican Americans
- Hispanics with hepatitis C infection
- Cholestatic jaundice, particularly from liver cancer, hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis, commonly affects older patients.
- Cirrhosis is infrequently seen in young adults.
- The incidence of cirrhosis increases with age; the median age for the diagnosis of cirrhosis due to alcoholic liver disease is 52 years.
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