Gynecomastia historical perspective
Gynecomastia historical perspective On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Gynecomastia historical perspective
Gynecomastia is derived from Greek words, "gyne" which means woman and "mastos" which means breast. The term was originally coined by Galen, a Greek physician. Gynecomastia has been a known concept since the days of Aristotle (384–322 BC). The surgical management was initially discussed by Paulus, a Greek physician and later modified by Al-Zahrawi or Albucasis, an Andalusian surgeon.
- The term gynecomastia was coined by Galen (130–200 AD), a Greek physician who described gynecomastia as an abnormal increase in fat within the male breast.
- Gynecomastia is derived from Greek words; "gyne" which means woman and "mastos" which means breast.
- Gynecomastia has been a known concept since the days of Aristotle.
- In the 7th century, there is some evidence of surgical treatment of gynecomastia by Paulus, a Greek physician. He is known for suggesting surgical treatment of gynecomastia for the first time in his Epitome of Medicine (Seven Books).
- Haly Abbas later in the Islamic age described the surgical management of gynecomastia in his Kitab al-Maliki (The Royal Book). His work was based on that of Paulus of Aegina.
- Al-Zahrawi or Albucasis, an Andalusian surgeon also provided the surgical treatment of gynecomastia after Paulus.
- Four centuries later, Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu illustrated the surgical techniques for the management of gynecomastia. These techniques were based on the work by Paulus and Al-Zahrawi.
- Al-Zahrawi's surgical management was thought to be based on those of Paulus. The modification of surgical approach and use of medicinal substances might be indicative of Al-Zahrawi's own practice of the procedure.
- Al-Zahrawi's surgical management was practiced for many centuries.
- The probable etiology of gynecomastia was not discussed by Paulus and Al-Zahrawi in their work. In current practice, surgery for gynecomastia is reserved after the underlying cause is treated or after the failure of medical treatment.
- In the 18th century, Olpan, Schuchardt, and Gruber were among the prominent people who worked on gynecomastia.
- In 1919, Dr. Helen Ingleby published two cases of gynecomastia.
- "Reorganized text". JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 141 (5): 428. 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.0540. PMID 25996397.
- Hosseini SF, Alakbarli F, Ghabili K, Shoja MM (2011). "Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042-1137 AD: ): Persian physician and jurist". Arch Gynecol Obstet. 284 (3): 647–50. doi:10.1007/s00404-010-1707-7. PMID 20931210.
- Chavoushi SH, Ghabili K, Kazemi A, Aslanabadi A, Babapour S, Ahmedli R; et al. (2012). "Surgery for Gynecomastia in the Islamic Golden Age: Al-Tasrif of Al-Zahrawi (936-1013 AD)". ISRN Surg. 2012: 934965. doi:10.5402/2012/934965. PMC 3459224. PMID 23050167.
- Papadakis M, Manios A, de Bree E, Trompoukis C, Tsiftsis DD (2010). "Gynaecomastia and scrotal rhacosis: two aesthetic surgical operations for men in Byzantine times". J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 63 (8): e600–4. doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2010.05.013. PMID 20538533.
- Annajjar J (2010). "Abu Alkasem Al Zehrawi (Albucasis 936-1013)". Childs Nerv Syst. 26 (7): 857–9. doi:10.1007/s00381-009-0912-9. PMID 19484247.
- Karsner HT (1946). "Gynecomastia". Am J Pathol. 22 (2): 235–315. PMC 1934190. PMID 19970865.
- Ingleby H (1919). "TWO CASES OF SO-CALLED GYNAECOMASTIA IN YOUNG BOYS". Br Med J. 2 (3072): 631–2. PMC 2343807. PMID 20769701.