Celiac disease medical therapy

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Celiac disease Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Celiac disease from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings



Echocardiography and Ultrasound

CT scan


Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy

Life Style Modifications


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Celiac disease medical therapy On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Celiac disease medical therapy

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Celiac disease medical therapy

CDC on Celiac disease medical therapy

Celiac disease medical therapy in the news

Blogs onCeliac disease medical therapy

Directions to Hospitals Treating Celiac disease

Risk calculators and risk factors for Celiac disease medical therapy

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Anmol Pitliya, M.B.B.S. M.D.[2]


A minority of patients suffer from refractory disease, which means that they do not improve with a gluten-free diet. Pharmacotherapy is used if dietary modification is not beneficial. Pharmacotherapy include steroids, azathioprine, cyclosporine, and monoclonal antibodies.

Medical Therapy

Refractory disease

A minority of patients suffer from refractory disease, which means they do not improve on a gluten-free diet. This may be because the disease has been present for so long that the intestines are no longer able to heal on diet alone or the patient is not adhering to the diet, or the patient is consuming foods that contain gluten. Pharmacotherapy is used if dietary modification is not effective.[1]

  • 1. Steroids
  • 2. Immunosuppressive drugs (Used in steroid dependent or steroid refractory disease)
    • 2.1 Antiproliferative agents
    • 2.2 Calcineurin Inhibitors:
    • 2.3 Monoclonal antibodies
      • Preferred regimen(1): Infliximab 5 mg/kg q24h
      • Preferred regimen(2): Alemtuzumab 30 mg twice a week per 12 weeks

Dermatitis herpetiformis

  • 1. Life style modification[2]
    • 1.1 Gluten-free diet (GFD)
  • 2. Pharmocatherapy[3][4]


  1. Rubio-Tapia A, Murray JA (2010). "Classification and management of refractory coeliac disease". Gut. 59 (4): 547–57. doi:10.1136/gut.2009.195131. PMC 2861306. PMID 20332526.
  2. Collin P, Reunala T (2003). "Recognition and management of the cutaneous manifestations of celiac disease: a guide for dermatologists". Am J Clin Dermatol. 4 (1): 13–20. PMID 12477369.
  3. Mutasim DF (2007). "Therapy of autoimmune bullous diseases". Ther Clin Risk Manag. 3 (1): 29–40. PMC 1936286. PMID 18360613.
  4. Han A (2009). "A practical approach to treating autoimmune bullous disorders with systemic medications". J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2 (5): 19–28. PMC 2924135. PMID 20729961.
  5. Bevans SL, Sami N (2017). "Dapsone and sulfasalazine combination therapy in dermatitis herpetiformis". Int. J. Dermatol. 56 (5): e90–e92. doi:10.1111/ijd.13542. PMID 28133723.
  6. Silvers DN, Juhlin EA, Berczeller PH, McSorley J (1980). "Treatment of dermatitis herpetiformis with colchicine". Arch Dermatol. 116 (12): 1373–84. PMID 7458365.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Shah SA, Ormerod AD (2000). "Dermatitis herpetiformis effectively treated with heparin, tetracycline and nicotinamide". Clin. Exp. Dermatol. 25 (3): 204–5. PMID 10844495.
  8. Albers LN, Zone JJ, Stoff BK, Feldman RJ (2017). "Rituximab Treatment for Recalcitrant Dermatitis Herpetiformis". JAMA Dermatol. 153 (3): 315–318. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2016.4676. PMID 28030659.

Template:WH Template:WS