Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. 
In human anatomy, the subclavian veins are two large veins, one on either side of the body. Its diameter is approximately that of a man's small finger. It is divided into right and left subclavian vein.
Each subclavian vein is a continuation of the axillary vein and runs from the outer border of the first rib to the medial border of anterior scalene muscle.
From here it joins with the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein (also known as "innominate vein"). The angle of union is termed the venous angle.
The subclavian vein follows the subclavian artery and is separated posteriorly by the insertion of anterior scalene.
The thoracic duct drains into the left subclavian vein, near its junction with the left internal jugular vein.
It carries lymph (water and solutes) from the lymphatic system, as well as chylomicrons or chyle, formed in the intestines from dietery fat and lipids.
The term subclavian can be broken down to: sub= below, and clavian= pertaining to the clavicle.
The venæ cavæ and azygos veins, with their tributaries.
The thoracic and right lymphatic ducts.
The thymus of a full-time fetus, exposed in situ.
|Veins of the torso|
|Coronary||coronary sinus (great cardiac, left marginal, small cardiac, middle cardiac, posterior of the left ventricle, oblique of the left atrium) • anterior cardiac (right marginal) • pulmonary|
|brachiocephalic: inferior thyroid - thymic - internal thoracic (anterior intercostal, superior epigastric) - left superior intercostal - supreme - vertebral - internal jugular - subclavian (axillary: lateral thoracic, thoracoepigastric) - pericardiacophrenic|
azygos: right superior intercostal - bronchial - intercostal/posterior intercostal 5-11 - accessory hemiazygos/hemiazygos - superior phrenic
|Vertebral column||vertebral venous plexuses (external, internal) • spinal (posterior, anterior) • basivertebral • intervertebral|
|to IVC on right and left: renal - hepatic - lumbar
to IVC on right, renal vein on left: inferior phrenic - suprarenal - ovarian/testicular (pampiniform plexus)
to azygos system: ascending lumbar (subcostal)
|Pelvis/common iliac||external iliac: inferior epigastric - deep circumflex iliac vein|
internal iliac: inferior gluteal - superior gluteal - median sacral vein - lateral sacral - obturator - internal pudendal (inferior rectal) - vesical venous plexus - prostatic venous plexus - deep of penis - vaginal venous plexus - uterine venous plexus - middle rectal - hemorrhoidal
|splenic: short gastric - left gastroepiploic - pancreatic - inferior mesenteric (superior rectal, left colic)
superior mesenteric: right gastroepiploic - pancreaticoduodenal - middle colic - right colic - ileocolic (appendicular)
direct (cystic, left gastric, right gastric, paraumbilical)
|fetal||ductus venosus • umbilical|