Terazosin

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Terazosin
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: João André Alves Silva, M.D. [2]

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Overview

Terazosin is a alpha-adrenergic blocker that is FDA approved for the {{{indicationType}}} of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and hypertension. Common adverse reactions include orthostatic hypotension, palpitations, peripheral edema, nausea, asthenia, dizziness headache, somnolence and nasal congestion.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
  • Initial dose :
  • 1 mg at bedtime is the starting dose for all patients (should not be exceeded as an initial dose).
  • Patients should be closely followed during initial administration in order to minimize the risk of severe hypotensive response.
  • Subsequent doses :
  • The initial dose should be increased in a stepwise fashion to 2 mg, 5 mg, or 10 mg once daily to achieve the desired improvement of symptoms and/or flow rates.
  • Doses of 10 mg once daily are generally required for the clinical response.
  • Treatment with 10 mg for a minimum of 4 to 6 weeks may be required to assess whether a beneficial response has been achieved. Some patients may not achieve a clinical response despite appropriate titration. :* :* Some patients responded at a 20 mg daily dose, however, there was an insufficient number of patients studied to draw definitive conclusions about this dose.
  • If terazosin administration is discontinued for several days or longer, therapy should be reinstituted using the initial dosing regimen.
Hypertension
  • Initial dose:
  • 1 mg at bedtime is the starting dose for all patients (this dose should not be exceeded). This initial dosing regimen should be strictly observed to minimize the potential for severe hypotensive effects.
  • Subsequent doses:
  • The dose may be slowly increased to achieve the desired blood pressure response.
  • The usual recommended dose range is 1 mg to 5 mg administered once a day.
  • Some patients may benefit from doses as high as 20 mg per day.
  • Doses over 20 mg do not appear to provide further blood pressure effect and doses over 40 mg have not been studied.
  • Blood pressure should be monitored at the end of the dosing interval to be sure control is maintained throughout the interval.
  • If response is substantially diminished at 24 hours an increased dose or use of a twice daily regimen can be considered.
  • If terazosin administration is discontinued for several days or longer, therapy should be reinstituted using the initial dosing regimen.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of terazosin in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

Chronic prostatitis - chronic pelvic pain syndrome
  • Initial dosage:
  • 1 mg for 4 days
  • Following dosages:
  • 2 mg for 10 days, followed by 5 mg daily afterwards.
Hyperlipidemia
  • Terazosin has shown to be effective in reducing cholesterol and triglyceride levels in patients. However, there is conflicting data in these studies.
  • 2 - 10 mg/day, in one study.[2]
  • 5, 10 or 20 mg/day, on a second study.[3]
  • 10 mg/day - this study showed no effect of terazosin in lowering blodd lipids.[4]
Nocturia
  • Initial dosage:
  • 2 mg/day for 7 days
  • Following dosages:
  • 4 mg/day for the next 3 weeks
Oligozoospermia
  • It has been proven to improve sperm count and, even though not proven by statistically, pregnancy rates may improve.[6]
  • 2 mg/day
Radiation-induced disorder - Urethritis
  • Terazosin appears to help prostate cancer patients with symptoms of radiation-induced urethritis. [7]
  • 2 - 6 mg/day
Spinal cord injury

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

There is limited information regarding FDA-label Guideline-Supported Use of terazosin in pediatric patients.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of terazosin in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non-Guideline-Supported Use of terazosin in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

Warnings

Syncope and “first-dose” effect
  • Always be initiated with a 1 mg dose of terazosin capsules, given at bedtime.
  • The 2 mg, 5 mg and 10 mg capsules are not indicated as initial therapy.
  • Dosage should then be increased slowly, according to recommendations in the Dosage and Administration section and additional antihypertensive agents should be added with caution.
  • The patient should be cautioned to avoid situations, such as driving or hazardous tasks, where injury could result should syncope occur during initiation of therapy.

In early investigational studies, where increasing single doses up to 7.5 mg were given at 3 day intervals, tolerance to the first dose phenomenon did not necessarily develop and the “first-dose” effect could be observed at all doses. Syncopal episodes occurred in 3 of the 14 subjects given terazosin at doses of 2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg, which are higher than the recommended initial dose; in addition, severe orthostatic hypotension (blood pressure falling to 50/0 mmHg) was seen in two others and dizziness, tachycardia, and lightheadedness occurred in most subjects. These adverse effects all occurred within 90 minutes of dosing. In three placebo-controlled BPH studies 1, 2, and 3, the incidence of postural hypotension in the terazosin treated patients was 5.1%, 5.2%, and 3.7% respectively. In multiple dose clinical trials involving nearly 2000 hypertensive patients treated with terazosin capsules, syncope was reported in about 1% of patients. Syncope was not necessarily associated only with the first dose. If syncope occurs, the patient should be placed in a recumbent position and treated supportively as necessary. There is evidence that the orthostatic effect of terazosin is greater, even in chronic use, shortly after dosing. The risk of the events is greatest during the initial seven days of treatment, but continues at all time intervals.

Priapism
  • Rarely, terazosin and other α1-antagonists have been associated with priapism (painful penile erection, sustained for hours and unrelieved by sexual intercourse or masturbation). Two or three dozen cases have been reported.
  • Since this condition can lead to permanent impotence if not promptly treated, patients must be advised about the seriousness of the condition.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • Additional adverse events have been reported, but these are, in general, not distinguishable from symptoms that might have occurred in the absence of exposure to terazosin. The safety profile of patients treated in the long-term open-label study was similar to that observed in the controlled studies.
  • The adverse events were usually transient and mild or moderate in intensity, but sometimes were serious enough to interrupt treatment. In the placebo-controlled clinical trials, the rates of premature termination due to adverse events were not statistically different between the placebo and terazosin groups. The adverse events that were bothersome, as judged by their being reported as reasons for discontinuation of therapy by at least 0.5% of the terazosin group and being reported more often than in the placebo group, are shown in Table 2.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
Hypertension
  • The prevalence of adverse reactions has been ascertained from clinical trials conducted primarily in the United States. All adverse experiences (events) reported during these trials were recorded as adverse reactions. The prevalence rates presented below are based on combined data from fourteen placebo-controlled trials involving once-a-day administration of terazosin, as monotherapy or in combination with other antihypertensive agents, at doses ranging from 1 to 40 mg. Table 3 summarizes those adverse experiences reported for patients in these trials where the prevalence rate in the terazosin group was at least 5%, where the prevalence rate for the terazosin group was at least 2% and was greater than the prevalence rate for the placebo group, or where the reaction is of particular interest.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • Additional adverse reactions have been reported, but these are, in general, not distinguishable from symptoms that might have occurred in the absence of exposure to terazosin. The following additional adverse reactions were reported by at least 1% of 1987 patients who received terazosin in controlled or open, short- or long-term clinical trials or have been reported during marketing experience:
Central Nervous System
Cardiovascular
Respiratory
Gastrointestinal
Miscellaneous
  • The adverse reactions were usually mild or moderate in intensity but sometimes were serious enough to interrupt treatment.
  • The adverse reactions that were most bothersome, as judged by their being reported as reasons for discontinuation of therapy by at least 0.5% of the terazosin group and being reported more often than in the placebo group, are shown in Table 4.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Postmarketing Experience

  • Post-marketing experience indicates that in rare instances patients may develop allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, following administration of terazosin hydrochloride.

Drug Interactions

  • In controlled trials, terazosin have been added to diuretics, and several beta-adrenergic blockers; no unexpected interactions were observed.
  • Terazosin has also been used in patients on a variety of concomitant therapies; while these were not formal interaction studies, no interactions were observed. Terazosin has been used concomitantly in at least 50 patients on the following drugs or drug classes:
  • In a study (n=24) where terazosin and verapamil were administered concomitantly, terazosin’s mean AUC0-24 increased 11% after the first verapamil dose and after 3 weeks of verapamil treatment it increased by 24% with associated increases in Cmax (25%) and Cmin (32%) means. Terazosin mean Tmax decreased from 1.3 hours to 0.8 hours after 3 weeks of verapamil treatment. Statistically significant differences were not found in the verapamil level with and without terazosin.
  • In a study (n=6) where terazosin and captopril were administered concomitantly, plasma disposition of captopril was not influenced by concomitant administration of terazosin and terazosin maximum plasma concentrations increased linearly with dose at steady-state after administration of terazosin plus captopril.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA): C

  • Teratogenic Effects :
  • Terazosin capsules were not teratogenic in either rats or rabbits when administered at oral doses up to 280 and 60 times, respectively, the maximum recommended human dose.
  • Fetal resorptions occurred in rats dosed with 480 mg/kg/day, approximately 280 times the maximum recommended human dose.
  • Increased fetal resorptions, decreased fetal weight and an increased number of supernumerary ribs were observed in offspring of rabbits dosed with 60 times the maximum recommended human dose.
  • These findings (in both species) were most likely secondary to maternal toxicity.

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women and the safety of terazosin in pregnancy has not been established. Terazosin capsules are not recommended during pregnancy unless the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the mother and fetus.

  • Nonteratogenic Effects :
  • In a peri- and post-natal development study in rats, significantly more pups died in the group dosed with 120 mg/kg/day (> 75 times the maximum recommended human dose) than in the control group during the three-week postpartum period.


Pregnancy Category (AUS): B2

  • There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of terazosin in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Terazosin during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

  • It is not known whether terazosin is excreted in breast milk.
  • Because many drugs are excreted in breast milk, caution should be exercised when terazosin capsules are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

  • Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been determined.

Geriatic Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Terazosin in geriatric settings.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Terazosin with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Terazosin with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Terazosin in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Terazosin in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

  • Terazosin was devoid of mutagenic potential when evaluated in vivo and in vitro (the Ames test, in vivo cytogenetics, the dominant lethal test in mice, in vivo Chinese hamster chromosome aberration test and V79 forward mutation assay).
  • Terazosin administered in the feed to rats at doses of 8, 40, and 250 mg/kg/day (70, 350, and 2100 mg/M2/day), for two years, was associated with a statistically significant increase in benign adrenal medullary tumors of male rats exposed to the 250 mg/kg dose. This dose is 175 times the maximum recommended human dose of 20 mg (12 mg/M2). Female rats were unaffected.
  • Terazosin was not oncogenic in mice when administered in feed for 2 years at a maximum tolerated dose of 32 mg/kg/day (110 mg/M2; 9 times the maximum recommended human dose).
  • The absence of mutagenicity in a battery of tests, of tumorigenicity of any cell type in the mouse carcinogenicity assay, of increased total tumor incidence in either species, and of proliferative adrenal lesions in female rats, suggests a male rat species-specific event. Numerous other diverse pharmaceutical and chemical compounds have also been associated with benign adrenal medullary tumors in male rats without supporting evidence for carcinogenicity in man.
  • The effect of terazosin on fertility was assessed in a standard fertility/reproductive performance study in which male and female rats were administered oral doses of 8, 30 and 120 mg/kg/day. Four of 20 male rats given 30 mg/kg (240 mg/M2; 20 times the maximum recommended human dose) and five of 19 male rats given 120 mg/kg (960 mg/M2; 80 times the maximum recommended human dose) failed to sire a litter. Testicular weights and morphology were unaffected by treatment. Vaginal smears at 30 and 120 mg/kg/day, however, appeared to contain less sperm than smears from control matings and good correlation was reported between sperm count and subsequent pregnancy.
  • Oral administration of terazosin for one or two years elicited a statistically significant increase in the incidence of testicular atrophy in rats exposed to 40 and 250 mg/kg/day (29 and 175 times the maximum recommended human dose), but not in rats exposed to 8 mg/kg/day (> 6 times the maximum recommended human dose). Testicular atrophy was also observed in dogs dosed with 300 mg/kg/day (> 500 times the maximum recommended human dose) for three months but not after one year when dosed with 20 mg/kg/day (38 times the maximum recommended human dose). This lesion has also been seen with Minipress®, another (marketed) selective-alpha-1 blocking agent.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Terazosin in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

Oral

Monitoring

Syncope and “First-dose” Effect
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • A patient taking terazosin should see an effect on his symptoms in 2 to 4 weeks. Therefore, continuous check-ups with the physician, to evaluate the progress regarding the BPH and monitor the blood pressure should be done, in addition to other regular check-ups.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding the compatibility of Terazosin and IV administrations.

Overdosage

Acute Overdose

  • In case of overdosage of terazosin capsules leading to:

Management

  • Support of the cardiovascular system is of first importance.
  • Restoration of blood pressure and normalization of heart rate may be accomplished by keeping the patient in the supine position.
  • If this measure is inadequate, shock should first be treated with volume expanders.
  • If necessary, vasopressors should then be used and renal function should be monitored and supported as needed.
  • Laboratory data indicate that terazosin is 90-94% protein bound; therefore, dialysis may not be of benefit.

Pharmacology

Terazosin molecule.png
Terazosin
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(RS)-6,7-dimethoxy-2-[4-(tetrahydrofuran-2-ylcarbonyl)piperazin-1-yl]quinazolin-4-amine
Identifiers
CAS number 63590-64-7
ATC code G04CA03
PubChem 5401
DrugBank DB01162
Chemical data
Formula C19H25N5O4 
Mol. mass 387.433 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Synonyms [4-(4-amino-6,7-dimethoxy-quinazolin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl]-tetrahydrofuran-2-yl-methanone
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ?
Protein binding 90-94%
Metabolism ?
Half life 12 hours
Excretion ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status

?(US)

Routes ?

Mechanism of Action

Structure

  • Terazosin hydrochloride, an alpha-1-selective adrenoceptor blocking agent, is a quinazoline derivative represented by the following chemical name,molecular formula and structural formula:
  • (RS)-Piperazine, 1-(4-amino-6,7-dimethoxy-2-quinazolinyl)-4-[(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)carbonyl]-, monohydrochloride.C19H26ClN5O4
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • Terazosin hydrochloride is a white, crystalline substance, freely soluble in water and isotonic saline and has molecular weight of 423.93. Each capsule, for oral administration, contains 1 mg, 2 mg, 5 mg or 10 mg of terazosin as terazosin hydrochlolde. In addition, each capsule contains the following inactive ingredients:
  • Colloidal silicon dioxide
  • Lactose monohydrate
  • Magnesium stearate
  • Pregelatinized starch.
  • The gelatin capsule contains:
  • Gelatin
  • Silicon dioxide
  • Sodium lauryl sulfate
  • Titanium dioxide.
  • The 1 mg shell also contains black iron oxide; the 2 mg capsule shell also contains D&C Yellow #10; the 5 mg capsule shell also contains D&C Yellow #10, FD&C Red #40 and D&C Red #28; the 10 mg capsule shell also contains FD&C Green #3 and D&C Yellow#10.

Pharmacodynamics

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
  • The symptoms associated with BPH are related to bladder outlet obstruction, which is comprised of two underlying components:
  • A static component
  • A dynamic component.
  • Terazosin has been studied in 1222 men with symptomatic BPH. In three placebo-controlled studies, symptom evaluation and uroflowmetric measurements were performed approximately 24 hours following dosing. Symptoms were quantified using the Boyarsky Index. The questionnaire evaluated both obstructive (hesitancy, intermittency, terminal dribbling, impairment of size and force of stream, sensation of incomplete bladder emptying) and irritative (nocturia, daytime frequency, urgency, dysuria) symptoms by rating each of the 9 symptoms from 0 to 3, for a total score of 27 points. Results from these studies indicated that terazosin statistically significantly improved symptoms and peak urine flow rates over placebo as follows:
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • In all three studies, both symptom scores and peak urine flow rates showed statistically significant improvement from baseline in patients treated with terazosin capsules from week 2 (or the first clinic visit) and throughout the study duration.
  • Analysis of the effect of terazosin capsules on individual urinary symptoms demonstrated that compared to placebo, terazosin significantly improved the symptoms of hesitancy, intermittency, impairment in size and force of urinary stream, sensation of incomplete emptying, terminal dribbling, daytime frequency and nocturia.
  • Global assessments of overall urinary function and symptoms were also performed by investigators who were blinded to patient treatment assignment.
  • In studies 1 and 3, patients treated with terazosin patients had a significantly (p ≤ 0.001) greater overall improvement compared to placebo treated patients.
  • In a short term study (Study 1), patients were randomized to either 2, 5 or 10 mg of terazosin or placebo. Patients randomized to the 10 mg group achieved a statistically significant response in both symptoms and peak flow rate compared to placebo (Figure 1).
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • In a long-term, open-label, non-placebo controlled clinical trial, 181 men were followed for 2 years and 58 of these men were followed for 30 months. The effect of terazosin on urinary symptom scores and peak flow rates was maintained throughout the study duration (Figures 2 and 3):
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • In this long-term trial, both symptom scores and peak urinary flow rates showed statistically significant improvement suggesting a relaxation of smooth muscle cells.

Although blockade of alpha-1 adrenoceptors also lowers blood pressure in hypertensive patients with increased peripheral vascular resistance, terazosin treatment of normotensive men with BPH did not result in a clinically significant blood pressure lowering effect:

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
Hypertension
  • Terazosin decreases blood pressure gradually within 15 minutes following oral administration.
  • Patients in clinical trials of terazosin were administered once daily (the great majority) and twice daily regimens with total doses usually in the range of 5 to 20 mg/day, and had mild (about 77%, diastolic pressure 95 to 105 mmHg) or moderate (23%, diastolic pressure 105 to 115 mmHg) hypertension. Because terazosin, like all alpha antagonists, can cause unusually large falls in blood pressure after the first dose or first few doses, the initial dose was 1 mg in virtually all trials, with subsequent titration to a specified fixed dose or titration to some specified blood pressure end point (usually a supine diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg).
  • Blood pressure responses were measured at the end of the dosing interval (usually 24 hours) and effects were shown to persist throughout the interval, with the usual supine responses 5 to 10 mmHg systolic and 3.5 to 8 mmHg diastolic greater than placebo. The responses in the standing position tended to be somewhat larger, by 1 to 3 mmHg, although this was not true in all studies. The magnitude of the blood pressure responses was similar to prazosin and less than hydrochlorothiazide (in a single study of hypertensive patients). In measurements 24 hours after dosing, heart rate was unchanged.
  • Limited measurements of peak response (2 to 3 hours after dosing) during chronic terazosin administration indicate that it is greater than about twice the trough (24 hour) response, suggesting some attenuation of response at 24 hours, presumably due to a fall in blood terazosin concentrations at the end of the dose interval. This explanation is not established with certainty, however, and is not consistent with the similarity of blood pressure response to once daily and twice daily dosing and with the absence of an observed dose-response relationship over a range of 5 to 20 mg, i.e., if blood concentrations had fallen to the point of providing less than full effect at 24 hours, a shorter dosing interval or larger dose should have led to increased response.
  • Further dose response and dose duration studies are being carried out. Blood pressure should be measured at the end of the dose interval; if response is not satisfactory, patients may be tried on a larger dose or twice daily dosing regimen. The latter should also be considered if possibly blood pressure-related side effects, such as dizziness, palpitations, or orthostatic complaints, are seen within a few hours after dosing.
  • The greater blood pressure effect associated with peak plasma concentrations (first few hours after dosing) appears somewhat more position-dependent (greater in the erect position) than the effect of terazosin at 24 hours and in the erect position there is also a 6 to 10 beat per minute increase in heart rate in the first few hours after dosing. During the first 3 hours after dosing 12.5% of patients had a systolic pressure fall of 30 mmHg or more from supine to standing, or standing systolic pressure below 90 mmHg with a fall of at least 20 mmHg, compared to 4% of a placebo group.
  • There was a tendency for patients to gain weight during terazosin therapy. In placebo-controlled monotherapy trials, male and female patients receiving terazosin gained a mean of 1.7 and 2.2 pounds respectively, compared to losses of 0.2 and 1.2 pounds respectively in the placebo group. Both differences were statistically significant.

During controlled clinical trials, patients receiving terazosin monotherapy had a small but statistically significant decrease (a 3% fall) compared to placebo in total cholesterol and the combined low-density and very-low-density lipoprotein fractions. No significant changes were observed in high-density lipoprotein fraction and triglycerides compared to placebo.

Pharmacokinetics

  • Terazosin hydrochloride administered as capsules is essentially completely absorbed in man.
  • Administration of capsules immediately after meals had a minimal effect on the extent of absorption. The time to reach peak plasma concentration however, was delayed by about 40 minutes.
  • Terazosin has been shown to undergo minimal hepatic first-pass metabolism and nearly all of the circulating dose is in the form of parent drug.
  • The plasma levels peak about one hour after dosing, and then decline with a half-life of approximately 12 hours.
  • In a study that evaluated the effect of age on terazosin pharmacokinetics, the mean plasma half-lives were 14.0 and 11.4 hours for the age group ≥ 70 years and the age group of 20 to 39 years, respectively. After oral administration the plasma clearance was decreased by 31.7% in patients 70 years of age or older compared to that in patients 20 to 39 years of age.

The drug is 90 to 94% bound to plasma proteins and binding is constant over the clinically observed concentration range. Approximately 10% of an orally administered dose is excreted as parent drug in the urine and approximately 20% is excreted in the feces. The remainder is eliminated as metabolites. Impaired renal function had no significant effect on the elimination of terazosin, and dosage adjustment of terazosin to compensate for the drug removal during hemodialysis (approximately 10%) does not appear to be necessary. Overall, approximately 40% of the administered dose is excreted in the urine and approximately 60% in the feces. The disposition of the compound in animals is qualitatively similar to that in man.

Nonclinical Toxicology

There is limited information regarding Nonclinical Toxicology of terazosin in the drug label.

Clinical Studies

There is limited information regarding Clinical Studies of terazosin in the drug label.

How Supplied

  • Terazosin Capsules are available in four dosage strengths:
  • 1 mg Terazosin Capsules, USP are available as gray opaque cap/body printed “TL 383” in black ink.
  • Bottles of 90: NDC 59746-383-90
  • Bottles of 100: NDC 59746-383-06
  • Bottles of 500: NDC 59746-383-09
  • Bottles of 1000: NDC 59746-383-10
  • 2 mg Terazosin Capsules, USP are available as ivory opaque cap/body printed “TL 384” in black ink.
  • Bottles of 90: NDC 59746-384-90
  • Bottles of 100: NDC 59746-384-06
  • Bottles of 500: NDC 59746-384-09
  • Bottles of 1000: NDC 59746-384-10
  • 5 mg Terazosin Capsules, USP are available as bright orange opaque cap/body printed “TL 385” in black ink.
  • Bottles of 90: NDC 59746-385-90
  • Bottles of 100: NDC 59746-385-06
  • Bottles of 500: NDC 59746-385-09
  • Bottles of 1000: NDC 59746-385-10
  • 10 mg Terazosin Capsules, USP are available as light green opaque cap/body printed “TL 386” in black ink.
  • Bottles of 90: NDC 59746-386-90
  • Bottles of 100: NDC 59746-386-06
  • Bottles of 500: NDC 59746-386-09
  • Bottles of 1000: NDC 59746-386-10
  • Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.

Storage

  • Recommended storage:
  • Store at 20° - 25°C (68° - 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
  • Protect from light and moisture.

Images

Drug Images

Terazosin-Pill 1.jpg

Drug Name: Terazosin
Ingredient(s): silicon dioxide, d&c yellow no. 10, gelatin, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, sodium lauryl sulfate and titanium dioxide
Imprint: TL384
Dosage: 2 mg
Color(s): White
Shape: Capsule
Size (mm): 16
Score: 1
NDC:

Drug Label Author: Aphena Pharma Solutions - Tennessee, Inc.

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.
Terazosin-Pill 2.jpg

Drug Name: Terazosin
Ingredient(s): gelatin, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide, starch, corn, silicon dioxide, d&c yellow no. 10, d&c red no. 28 and fd&c red no. 40
Imprint: TL385
Dosage: 5 mg
Color(s): Orange
Shape: Capsule
Size (mm): 16
Score: 1
NDC:

Drug Label Author: Aphena Pharma Solutions - Tennessee, Inc.

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.
Terazosin-Pill 3.jpg

Drug Name: Terazosin
Ingredient(s):
Imprint: TL#(&
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): Green
Shape: Capsule
Size (mm): 16
Score: 1
NDC:

Drug Label Author: Aphena Pharma Solutions - Tennessee, Inc.

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.

Package and Label Display Panel

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Patient Counseling Information

TERAZOSIN CAPSULES, USP

  • Generic Name: Terazosin (Ter-A-so-sin)
  • When used to treat hypertension or benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Please read this leaflet before you start taking terazosin capsules. Also, read it each time you get a new prescription. This is a summary and should not take the place of a full discussion with your doctor who has additional information about Terazosin Capsules. You and your doctor should discuss Terazosin Capsules and your condition before you start taking it and at your regular checkups.
  • Terazosin Capsules are used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Terazosin Capsules are also used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men. This leaflet describes Terazosin Capsules as a treatment for hypertension or BPH.
  • What is hypertension (high blood pressure)?

If high blood pressure is not treated, over time, the increased pressure can damage blood vessels or it can cause the heart to work too hard and may decrease the flow of blood to the heart, brain, and kidneys. As a result, these organs may become damaged and not function correctly. If high blood pressure is controlled, this damage is less likely to happen.

  • Treatment options for hypertension:
  • Non-drug treatments are sometimes effective in controlling mild hypertension. The most important lifestyle changes to lower blood pressure are to lose weight, reduce salt, fat, and alcohol in the diet, quit smoking, and exercise regularly. However, many hypertensive patients require one or more ongoing medications to control their blood pressure. There are different kinds of medications used to treat hypertension. Your doctor has prescribed Terazosin Capsules for you.
  • What Terazosin Capsules do to treat hypertension:
  • What is BPH?
  • The prostate is a gland located below the bladder of men. It surrounds the urethra (you-REETH-rah), which is a tube that drains urine from the bladder. BPH is an enlargement of the prostate gland. The symptoms of BPH, however, can be caused by an increase in the tightness of muscles in the prostate. If the muscles inside the prostate tighten, they can squeeze the urethra and slow the flow of urine. This can lead to symptoms such as:
  • A weak or interrupted stream when urinating
  • A feeling that you cannot empty your bladder completely
  • A feeling of delay when you start to urinate
  • A need to urinate often, especially at night, or
  • A feeling that you must urinate right away.
  • Treatment options for BPH. There are three main treatment options for BPH:
  • Program of monitoring or “Watchful Waiting” - Some men have an enlarged prostate gland, but no symptoms, or symptoms that are not bothersome. If this applies, you and your doctor may decide on a program of monitoring including regular checkups, instead of medication or surgery.
  • Medication - There are different kinds of medication used to treat BPH. Your doctor has prescribed Terazosin Capsules for you. See “What Terazosin Capsules do to treat BPH” below.
  • Surgery - Some patients may need surgery. Your doctor can describe several different surgical procedures to treat BPH. Which procedure is best depends on your symptoms and medical condition.
  • What Terazosin Capsules do to treat BPH - Terazosin Capsules relax the tightness of a certain type of muscle in the prostate and at the opening of the bladder. This may increase the rate of urine flow and/or decrease the symptoms you are having.
  • Terazosin Capsules help relieve the symptoms of BPH. It does NOT change the size of the prostate, which may continue to grow. However, a larger prostate does not necessarily cause more or worse symptoms.
  • If Terazosin Capsules are helping you, you should notice an effect on your particular symptoms in 2 to 4 weeks of starting to take the medication.
  • Even though you take Terazosin Capsules and they may help you, Terazosin Capsules may not prevent the need for surgery in the future.
  • Other important facts about Terazosin Capsules for BPH
  • You should see an effect on your symptoms in 2 to 4 weeks. So, you will need to continue seeing your doctor to check your progress regarding your BPH and to monitor your blood pressure in addition to your other regular checkups.
  • Your doctor has prescribed Terazosin Capsules for your BPH and not for prostate cancer. However, a man can have BPH and prostate cancer at the same time. Doctors usually recommend that men be checked for prostate cancer once a year when they turn 50 (or 40 if a family member has had prostate cancer). These checks should continue even if you are taking Terazosin Capsules. Terazosin Capsules are not a treatment for prostate cancer.
  • About Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). Your doctor may have done a blood test called PSA. Your doctor is aware that Terazosin Capsules do not affect PSA levels. You may want to ask your doctor more about this if you have had a PSA test done.

WARNINGS

  • Terazosin Capsules Can Cause a Sudden Drop in Blood Pressure After the very first dose. You may feel dizzy, faint, or “light-headed” particularly after you get up from bed or from a chair. This is more likely to occur after you’ve taken the first few doses, but can occur at any time while you are taking the drug. It can also occur if you stop taking the drug and then re-start treatment.
  • Because of this effect, your doctor may have told you to take Terazosin Capsules at bedtime. If you take Terazosin Capsules at bedtime but need to get up from bed to go to the bathroom, get up slowly and cautiously until you are sure how the medicine affects you. It is also important to get up slowly from a chair or bed at any time until you learn how you react to Terazosin Capsules. You should not drive or do any hazardous tasks until you are used to the effects of the medication. If you begin to feel dizzy, sit or lie down until you feel better.
  • You will start with a 1 mg dose of Terazosin Capsules. Then the dose will be increased as your body gets used to the effect of the medication.
  • Other side effects you could have while taking Terazosin Capsules include drowsiness, blurred or hazy vision, nausea, or “puffiness” of the feet or hands. Discuss any unexpected effects you notice with your doctor.
  • Extremely rarely, Terazosin Capsules and similar medications have caused painful erection of the penis, sustained for hours and unrelieved by sexual intercourse or masturbation.
  • This condition is serious, and if untreated it can be followed by permanent inability to have an erection. If you have a prolonged abnormal erection, call your doctor or go to an emergency room as soon as possible.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions about how to take Terazosin Capsules. You must take it every day at the dose prescribed. Talk with your doctor if you don’t take it for a few days, you may have to restart it at a 1 mg dose and be cautious about possible dizziness. Do not share Terazosin Capsules with anyone else; it was prescribed only for you.
  • Keep Terazosin Capsules and all medicines out of the reach of children.

Precautions with Alcohol

Alcohol-Terazosin interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

  • Hytrin

Look-Alike Drug Names

N/A

Drug Shortage Status

Drug Shortage

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.

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