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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



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Neutral and basic amino acid transport protein rBAT is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC3A1 gene.[1][2][3]

Mutations in the SLC3A1 gene are associated with cystinuria.

See also


  1. Lee WS, Wells RG, Sabbag RV, Mohandas TK, Hediger MA (Jun 1993). "Cloning and chromosomal localization of a human kidney cDNA involved in cystine, dibasic, and neutral amino acid transport". J Clin Invest. 91 (5): 1959–1963. doi:10.1172/JCI116415. PMC 288191. PMID 8486766.
  2. Endsley JK, Phillips JA, Hruska KA, Denneberg T, Carlson J, George AL (Aug 1997). "Genomic organization of a human cystine transporter gene (SLC3A1) and identification of novel mutations causing cystinuria". Kidney Int. 51 (6): 1893–1899. doi:10.1038/ki.1997.258. PMID 9186880.
  3. "Entrez Gene: SLC3A1 solute carrier family 3 (cystine, dibasic and neutral amino acid transporters, activator of cystine, dibasic and neutral amino acid transport), member 1".

Further reading

  • Pras E, Raben N, Golomb E, Arber N, Aksentijevich I, Schapiro JM, Harel D, Katz G, Liberman U, Pras M (1995). "Mutations in the SLC3A1 transporter gene in cystinuria". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 56 (6): 1297–303. PMC 1801089. PMID 7539209.
  • Calonge MJ, Volpini V, Bisceglia L, Rousaud F, de Sanctis L, Beccia E, Zelante L, Testar X, Zorzano A, Estivill X (1995). "Genetic heterogeneity in cystinuria: the SLC3A1 gene is linked to type I but not to type III cystinuria". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92 (21): 9667–9671. doi:10.1073/pnas.92.21.9667. PMC 40863. PMID 7568194.
  • Gasparini P, Calonge MJ, Bisceglia L, Purroy J, Dianzani I, Notarangelo A, Rousaud F, Gallucci M, Testar X, Ponzone A (1995). "Molecular genetics of cystinuria: identification of four new mutations and seven polymorphisms, and evidence for genetic heterogeneity". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57 (4): 781–8. PMC 1801520. PMID 7573036.
  • Miyamoto K, Katai K, Tatsumi S, Sone K, Segawa H, Yamamoto H, Taketani Y, Takada K, Morita K, Kanayama H (1995). "Mutations of the basic amino acid transporter gene associated with cystinuria". Biochem. J. 310 (3): 951–5. PMC 1135988. PMID 7575432.
  • Bertran J, Werner A, Chillarón J, Nunes V, Biber J, Testar X, Zorzano A, Estivill X, Murer H, Palacín M (1993). "Expression cloning of a human renal cDNA that induces high affinity transport of L-cystine shared with dibasic amino acids in Xenopus oocytes". J. Biol. Chem. 268 (20): 14842–9. PMID 7686906.
  • Busch AE, Herzer T, Waldegger S, Schmidt F, Palacin M, Biber J, et al. (1994). "Opposite directed currents induced by the transport of dibasic and neutral amino acids in Xenopus oocytes expressing the protein rBAT". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (41): 25581–6. PMID 7929260.
  • Calonge MJ, Nadal M, Calvano S, Testar X, Zelante L, Zorzano A, Estivill X, Gasparini P, Palacín M, Nunes V (1995). "Assignment of the gene responsible for cystinuria (rBAT) and of markers D2S119 and D2S177 to 2p16 by fluorescence in situ hybridization". Hum. Genet. 95 (6): 633–6. doi:10.1007/bf00209478. PMID 7789946.
  • Calonge MJ, Gasparini P, Chillarón J, Chillón M, Gallucci M, Rousaud F, Zelante L, Testar X, Dallapiccola B, Di Silverio F (1994). "Cystinuria caused by mutations in rBAT, a gene involved in the transport of cystine". Nat. Genet. 6 (4): 420–425. doi:10.1038/ng0494-420. PMID 8054986.
  • Ahmed A, Peter GJ, Taylor PM, Harper AA, Rennie MJ (1995). "Sodium-independent Currents of Opposite Polarity Evoked by Neutral and Cationic Amino Acids in Neutral and Basic Amino Acid Transporter cRNA-injected Oocytes". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (21): 8482–8486. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.15.8482. PMID 7721744.
  • Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides". Gene. 138 (1–2): 171–174. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(94)90802-8. PMID 8125298.
  • Miyamoto K, Segawa H, Tatsumi S, Katai K, Yamamoto H, Taketani Y, Haga H, Morita K, Takeda E (1996). "Effects of truncation of the COOH-terminal region of a Na+-independent neutral and basic amino acid transporter on amino acid transport in Xenopus oocytes". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (28): 16758–16763. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.28.16758. PMID 8663184.
  • Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, Suyama A, Sugano S (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene. 200 (1–2): 149–156. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID 9373149.
  • Ahmed A, Yao PC, Brant AM, Peter GJ, Harper AA (1997). "Electrogenic L-Histidine Transport in Neutral and Basic Amino Acid Transporter (NBAT)-expressing Xenopus laevis Oocytes". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1): 125–130. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.1.125. PMID 8995237.
  • Rossier G, Meier C, Bauch C, Summa V, Sordat B, Verrey F, Kühn LC (2000). "LAT2, a new basolateral 4F2hc/CD98-associated amino acid transporter of kidney and intestine". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (49): 34948–34954. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.49.34948. PMID 10574970.
  • Pfeiffer R, Loffing J, Rossier G, Bauch C, Meier C, Eggermann T, Loffing-Cueni D, Kühn LC, Verrey F (2000). "Luminal heterodimeric amino acid transporter defective in cystinuria". Mol. Biol. Cell. 10 (12): 4135–47. doi:10.1091/mbc.10.12.4135. PMC 25748. PMID 10588648.
  • Rajan DP, Huang W, Kekuda R, George RL, Wang J, Conway SJ, Devoe LD, Leibach FH, Prasad PD, Ganapathy V (2000). "Differential influence of the 4F2 heavy chain and the protein related to b(0,+) amino acid transport on substrate affinity of the heteromeric b(0,+) amino acid transporter". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (19): 14331–14335. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.19.14331. PMID 10799513.
  • Mizoguchi K, Cha SH, Chairoungdua A, Kim DK, Shigeta Y, Matsuo H, Fukushima J, Awa Y, Akakura K, Goya T, Ito H, Endou H, Kanai Y (2001). "Human cystinuria-related transporter: localization and functional characterization". Kidney Int. 59 (5): 1821–1833. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1755.2001.0590051821.x. PMID 11318953.
  • Harnevik L, Fjellstedt E, Molbaek A, Tiselius HG, Denneberg T, Söderkvist P (2002). "Identification of 12 novel mutations in the SLC3A1 gene in Swedish cystinuria patients". Hum. Mutat. 18 (6): 516–525. doi:10.1002/humu.1228. PMID 11748844.
  • Bauch C, Verrey F (2002). "Apical heterodimeric cystine and cationic amino acid transporter expressed in MDCK cells". Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 283 (1): F181–9. doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00212.2001. PMID 12060600.
  • Fernández E, Carrascal M, Rousaud F, Abián J, Zorzano A, Palacín M, Chillarón J (2002). "rBAT-b(0,+)AT heterodimer is the main apical reabsorption system for cystine in the kidney". Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 283 (3): F540–8. doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00071.2002. PMID 12167606.
  • Botzenhart E, Vester U, Schmidt C, Hesse A, Halber M, Wagner C, Lang F, Hoyer P, Zerres K, Eggermann T (2003). "Cystinuria in children: distribution and frequencies of mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes". Kidney Int. 62 (4): 1136–1142. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1755.2002.kid552.x. PMID 12234283.