Pneumoconiosis risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dushka Riaz, MD


Risk factors for the development of pneumoconiosis depend on exposure, which is generally through certain occupations.

Risk Factors

Risk factors in the development of pneumoconiosis are occupational. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Common Risk Factors

  • Common risk factors in the development of pneumoconiosis include:
    • Stonemasons, quarry workers, tunnellers, foundry, pottery workers (Silicosis)
    • Construction workers
    • Length of employment positively correlates
    • Drilling
    • Mining
    • Sandblasting
    • Concomitant smoking
    • Textiles
    • Shipbuilding
    • Electronic shops
    • Automotive industry
    • Aerospace

Less Common Risk Factors

  • Less common risk factors in the development of pneumoconiosis include:
    • Environmental exposure in buildings
    • Community-acquired in neighborhoods


  1. Cullinan P, Reid P (2013). "Pneumoconiosis". Prim Care Respir J. 22 (2): 249–52. doi:10.4104/pcrj.2013.00055. PMC 6442808. PMID 23708110.
  2. Leung CC, Yu IT, Chen W (2012). "Silicosis". Lancet. 379 (9830): 2008–18. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60235-9. PMID 22534002.
  3. "StatPearls". 2021. PMID 32310362 Check |pmid= value (help).
  4. Perlman DM, Maier LA (2019). "Occupational Lung Disease". Med Clin North Am. 103 (3): 535–548. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2018.12.012. PMID 30955520.
  5. Infante PF, Newman LS (2004). "Beryllium exposure and chronic beryllium disease". Lancet. 363 (9407): 415–6. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15523-2. PMID 14962519.
  6. Kreiss K, Wasserman S, Mroz MM, Newman LS (1993). "Beryllium disease screening in the ceramics industry. Blood lymphocyte test performance and exposure-disease relations". J Occup Med. 35 (3): 267–74. PMID 8455096.
  7. Kreiss K, Mroz MM, Zhen B, Martyny JW, Newman LS (1993). "Epidemiology of beryllium sensitization and disease in nuclear workers". Am Rev Respir Dis. 148 (4 Pt 1): 985–91. doi:10.1164/ajrccm/148.4_Pt_1.985. PMID 8214955.

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