Pneumoconiosis overview

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dushka Riaz, MD


Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disease caused by the inhalation of dust. Depending on the type of dust, variants of the disease are considered. Frequent types are asbestosis, coal miner's lung, silicosis, and berylliosis. Rare types include siderosis, byssinosis, and talcosis. [1] Pneumoconiosis involve the particles causing irreversible lung damage and there is heavy emphasis on prevention through safety precautions at workplace settings. [2] To be qualified as a Pneumoconiosis or occupational disease there must be four criteria met. This includes documented exposure to the particle, a latent period before the development of symptoms, clinical signs and symptoms that entail the disease, and finally exclusion of other disease modalities. [3] There is no cure for the diseases and patients generally enter pulmonary rehabilitation programs and can become candidates for transplants during the end stages. [4] [5]


  1. Cullinan P, Reid P (2013). "Pneumoconiosis". Prim Care Respir J. 22 (2): 249–52. doi:10.4104/pcrj.2013.00055. PMC 6442808. PMID 23708110.
  2. "StatPearls". 2021. PMID 32310362 Check |pmid= value (help).
  3. Epler GR (1992). "Clinical overview of occupational lung disease". Radiol Clin North Am. 30 (6): 1121–33. PMID 1410303.
  4. Tsang EW, Kwok H, Chan AKY, Choo KL, Chan KS, Lau KS; et al. (2018). "Outcomes of community-based and home-based pulmonary rehabilitation for pneumoconiosis patients: a retrospective study". BMC Pulm Med. 18 (1): 133. doi:10.1186/s12890-018-0692-7. PMC 6085700. PMID 30092783.
  5. Laney AS, Weissman DN (2014). "Respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust". J Occup Environ Med. 56 Suppl 10: S18–22. doi:10.1097/JOM.0000000000000260. PMC 4556416. PMID 25285970.

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